Recovery Strategies

Under 60 day comment period

  • Recovery Strategy for the Northern Goshawk laingi subspecies (Accipiter gentilis laingi) in Canada (2017-12-07)
    The Northern Goshawk is a raven-sized predatory bird with short, rounded wings and a long tail. Immature birds differ from adults in their plumage colouration for the first 2 years, after which all individuals greater-than or equal to 3 years are indistinguishable. Two subspecies of Northern Goshawk reside in Canada: Accipiter gentilis laingi and A. gentilis atricapillus. They were formerly referred to as Queen Charlotte Goshawk and Northern Gosh ...

Under 30 day comment review period

  • Recovery Strategy for the Whitebark Pine (Pinus albicaulis) in Canada (2017-10-18)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change and Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency is the competent minister under SARA for the Whitebark Pine and has prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with Natural Resources Canada (Canadian Forest Service), the Province of British Columbia, the Province of Alberta, and any others, as per section 39(1) of SARA.

Final

  • Gaspésie Woodland Caribou Recovery Plan (2002-2012) (Rangifer tarandus caribou) (2007-11-20)
    The distribution of the Woodland Caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) has declined considerably since the middle of the 19th century. In eastern North America, the Gaspésie population is now the only Woodland Caribou herd to be found south of the St. Lawrence River. This relict and genetically distinct population is in a very precarious situation, and was designated as an endangered species by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in ...
  • Multi-species Recovery Strategy for the Princeton Landscape, including Dwarf Woolly-heads (Psilocarphus brevissimus) Southern Mountain Population, Slender Collomia (Collomia tenella), and Stoloniferous Pussytoes (Antennaria flagellaris) in Canada (2013-07-09)
    The federal Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Dwarf Woolly-heads - Southern Mountain Population, Slender Collomia, and Stoloniferous Pussytoes and has prepared the federal component of this multi-species recovery strategy as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation the Province of British Columbia. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or
  • Recovery Strategy and Action Plan for Bolander's Quillwort (Isoetes bolanderi) in Canada (2011-02-07)
    Bolander's Quillwort is an endemic aquatic pteridophyte (fern ally) of mountainous landscapes between southern Alberta and northern Arizona - New Mexico, centered on the Intermountain Region of the United States. It occurs locally, growing in circumneutral, relatively sterile substrates, sometimes in considerable abundance, in higher elevation pools and streams. It typically occurs in shallow water (m) but plants can also withstand periodic emerg ...
  • Recovery Strategy and Management Plan for Multiple Species of Atlantic Coastal Plain Flora in Canada (2016-02-17)
    Section 37 of SARA requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species and Section 65 of SARA requires the competent minister to prepare management plans for special concern species. For the SARA-listed species of Special Concern, their inclusion in this combined recovery strategy and management plan will also serve in lieu of a separate management plan as required under SARA (Se ...
  • Recovery Strategy and Management Plan for the Red Knot (Calidris canutus) in Canada (2017-11-24)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change and Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency is the competent minister under SARA for the Red Knot and has prepared this document, as per sections 37 and 65 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland and Labrador ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Blue, Fin, and Sei Whales (Balaenoptera musculus, B. physalus, and B. borealis) in Pacific Canadian Waters (2006-07-14)
    This Recovery Strategy provides the scientific basis to recover the populations of blue, fin and sei whales that occur in Pacific Canadian waters off the coast of British Columbia. Knowledge about these whales is poor in Pacific Canadian waters. Therefore the collection of basic data on abundance and distribution, critical habitat, and threats is the first priority for their recovery. As information is gathered, the Recovery Strategy may be amend ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Blunt–lobed Woodsia (Woodsia obtusa) in Canada (2012-02-17)
    The Blunt-lobed Woodsia was listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) as Endangered in 2006 and then Threatened in 2009. The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of Blunt-lobed Woodsia and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Ontario Minister of Natural Resources and the Ministère du Développement durable,
  • Recovery Strategy for Canada Warbler (Cardellina canadensis) in Canada (2016-03-04)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of Canada Warbler and have prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation, to the extent possible, with the Provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec (Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs), New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, a ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Contorted-pod Evening-primrose (Camissonia contorta) in Canada (2011-09-12)
    Contorted-pod Evening-primrose (Camissonia contorta) was assessed as Endangered by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) in April 2006 and was added to Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in December 2007. Contorted-pod Evening-primrose is an annual plant that occurs from British Columbia (B.C.) t
  • Recovery Strategy for Cucumber Tree (Magnolia acuminata L.) in Canada (2007-06-20)
    The Cucumber Tree is under the management jurisdiction of the Ontario provincial government and Environment Canada (Canadian Wildlife Service – Ontario Region). The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent Minister to prepare a recovery strategy for all listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. SARA Section 44(1) allows the Minister to adopt an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Cultus Pygmy Sculpin (Cottus sp.) in Canada (2007-10-04)
    The Cultus pygmy sculpin was first identified in 1934 and most of what is known about it comes from a single paper, published by Ricker in 1960. It was described as a dwarf form of the coastrange sculpin, Cottus aleuticus. The Cultus pygmy sculpin shares many physical features of the coastrange sculpin and of sculpins in general, but there are also important differences in morphology and ecology, most importantly small body size, retention of l ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Deerberry (Vaccinium stamineum) in Canada (2010-12-14)
    Deerberry (Vaccinium stamineum) is a short, colonial shrub in the Heath family, in the genus Vaccinium which includes blueberries and cranberries. Deerberry is designated as threatened by both the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) and by the Committee on the Status of Species at Risk in Ontario (COSSARO). Deerberry is listed as threatened under Schedule 1 of the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA) and under the Spe ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Forked Three-awned Grass (Aristida basiramea) in Canada (2007-02-14)
    The Endangered Forked Three-awned Grass, also called Ice Age Grass, (Aristida basiramea) is an annual grass found in dry, open, acidic sand barrens, but the species will exploit weedy habitats associated with these sites, such as roadside ditches and old fields. It is highly intolerant of shading and competition from other plants.
  • Recovery Strategy for Gravel Chub (Erimystax x-punctatus) in Canada (2008-02-27)
    The gravel chub (Erimystax x-punctatus) was last found in Canada in the Thames River drainage, Ontario, in 1958. The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) designated this species as Endangered in 1985, and re-assessed it as Extirpated in 1987. This status was re-examined based on an existing status report and confirmed in 2000. The recovery of the gravel chub has been determined to be technically and biologically f ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Haller’s Apple Moss (Bartramia halleriana) in Canada (2010-10-20)
    Haller's Apple Moss (Bartramia halleriana) is currently listed as Threatened under the Species at Risk Act and, in North America, is currently known only from 10 Canadian populations in western Jasper National Park and adjacent east-central British Columbia. Total population size is about 835 individuals. This moss generally occurs on low elevation (600-1600 m), mesic (moderately moist), non-calcareous cliffs, bedrock outcrops or talus (large lo ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Hoary Mountain-mint (Pycnanthemum incanum (L.) Michx) in Canada (2007-11-20)
    Hoary Mountain-mint is one of several species of mountain-mint (Pycnanthemum) found in Ontario. It is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows to a height of 1 m. In Ontario, the plants are reproducing largely vegetatively from rhizomes (underground horizontal stems), even though the plants are producing viable seeds. The stems have many fine white hairs, especially on the upper parts. In this particular species, the number of stems per plant ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Hotwater Physa (Physella wrighti) in Canada (2007-01-29)
    Hotwater Physa, Physella wrighti, is an aquatic snail known globally from one location at Liard River Hotsprings Provincial Park, a small hotsprings complex located in north-central British Columbia (BC). The snail was first collected in 1973 and scientifically described in 1985 (Te and Clarke 1985). Liard River Hotsprings Provincial Park is a unique system of thermal springs that provide consistently warm lotic and lentic habitat for several p ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Leatherback Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) in Atlantic Canada (2007-02-23)
    The Leatherback turtle is a marine reptile and is under the jurisdiction of the federal government. The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. The Leatherback turtle was listed as endangered under SARA in June 2003. Fisheries and Oceans Canada – Maritimes Region, led the development of this recovery strategy. The proposed st ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Leatherback Turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) in Pacific Canadian Waters (2007-02-23)
    This Recovery Strategy concerns an animal many Canadians may never have heard of, but all will find extraordinary. What little is known about the leatherback turtle offers tantalizing glimpses into a remarkable physiology and life history. The adult leatherback is not only the most migratory of all sea turtles but also the largest and widest ranging reptile, capable of annual journeys of more than 15,000 km. From an evolutionary perspective, the ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Morrison Creek Lamprey (Lampetra richardsoni var. marifuga) in Canada (2007-07-23)
    Morrison Creek lamprey is a unique life history form of the western brook lamprey (Lampetra richardsoni) that is believed to occur only in Morrison Creek, Vancouver Island (Beamish 1985). It was discovered in 1977, and is considered a derivative of L. richardsoni that has been labelled L. richardsoni var. marifuga (Beamish 1987). Although described in some detail, the Morrison Creek lamprey has not been given formal taxonomic status, and additi ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Multi-Species at Risk in Garry Oak Woodlands in Canada (2016-11-04)
    This strategy has been developed under the broader Recovery Strategy for Garry Oak and Associated Ecosystems and their Associated Species at Risk in Canada: 2001-2006 (GOERT 2002) to address the recovery of five plant species at risk that occur within Garry oak (Quercus garryana) woodland habitat: deltoid balsamroot (Balsamorhiza deltoidea), white-top aster (Sericocarpus rigidus), small-flowered tonella (Tonella tenella), Howell's triteleia (Tr
  • Recovery Strategy for Multi-Species at Risk in Maritime Meadows associated with Garry Oak Ecosystems in Canada (2016-11-04)
    This strategy has been developed to address the recovery of seven plant and two butterfly species and their associated habitats. These species are all characterized by one or more of the following: total population decline, small distributions with decline or fluctuation, loss of habitat, declining small population sizes or very small populations or restricted distribution (COSEWIC 2003b). Unless recovery actions are initiated, these species may ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Multi-Species at Risk in Vernal Pools and other Ephemeral Wet Areas Associated with Garry Oak Ecosystems in Canada (2016-11-04)
    This multi-species Recovery Strategy has been developed to address the recovery of plants at risk in vernal pools and other temporally wet habitats on southern Vancouver Island and adjacent Gulf Islands. The strategy focuses on all Canadian locations of six species: bog birds-foot trefoil (Lotus pinnatus), tall woolly-heads (Psilocarphus elatior, Pacific population), water-plantain buttercup (Ranunculus alismifolius var. alismifolius), Kellogg's ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Nooksack Dace (Rhinichthys cataractae) in Canada (2008-06-09)
    The Nooksack dace is a small (Rhinichthys cataractae. Within Canada it is known from four lowland streams in British Columbia’s Fraser Valley. The global distribution includes approximately 20 additional streams in north-west Washington (McPhail 1997). The Nooksack dace is extirpated from some tributaries in Canadian watersheds where it was abundant in the 1960s (McPhail 1
  • Recovery Strategy for Northern Abalone (Haliotis kamtschatkana) in Canada (2007-09-27)
    The northern or pinto abalone has been declining in numbers and distribution in surveyed areas of coastal British Columbia (B.C.), Canada, as documented by regular surveys since the late 1970s. The northern abalone fisheries in B.C. were closed to all harvest in 1990 to protect the remaining population. Despite the complete ban on harvest, the population continued to decline and showed no sign of recovery. As a result, northern abalone were assig ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Ogden’s Pondweed (Potamogeton ogdenii) in Canada (2016-01-29)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of Ogden’s Pondweed and have prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontario Ministry of ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi) in Canada (2016-03-04)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of Olive-sided Flycatcher and have prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation, to the extent possible, with the Provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec (Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs), New Brunswick, Prince Edward I ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Paxton Lake, Enos Lake, and Vananda Creek Stickleback Species Pairs (Gasterosteus spp.) in Canada (2007-07-20)
    The fish known collectively as “stickleback species pairs” are small, freshwater fish descended from the marine threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Their recent and unique evolutionary history has been of considerable scientific interest and value. Stickleback species pairs were known to exist in four watersheds in the Georgia Basin, British Columbia: two watersheds on Texada Island, and one each on Lasqueti and Vancouver Islands. ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Pitcher's Thistle (Cirsium pitcheri) in Canada (2011-03-31)
    Pitcher's Thistle is a whitish-green perennial plant with leaves that are finely divided into narrow segments and spineless except at the tips. The plants live as a ring of basal leaves (a "rosette") for several years before forming an upright flowering stalk and thistle head of pale, pinkish-white flowers. After flowering and setting seed, the plants die. In Canada Pitcher's Thistle is only found on dunes and beach ridges on the shores of Lake H ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens) and the Hooded Warbler (Wilsonia citrina) in Canada (2012-02-17)
    The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. The Acadian Flycatcher was listed as endangered under SARA in June 2003 and the Hooded Warbler as threatened in June 2003. A single recovery strategy for these two species has been developed due to the similarity in occurrences, threats, and recovery approaches. Environment Canada led ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Alberta populations of Westslope Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi) in Canada (2014-03-28)
    Cutthroat Trout are widely distributed throughout much of western North America. There are four major subspecies that show considerable divergence from one other and they exhibit a great deal of phenotypic variation in terms of size, colouration, and life history characteristics. Westslope Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi) are the only subspecies native to Alberta. Historically, Westslope Cutthroat Trout inhabited most streams in so ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander (Desmognathus ochrophaeus), Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Population in Canada (2014-12-10)
    The Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander (Desmognathus ochrophaeus), Great Lakes/St. Lawrence population was designated threatened and added to the Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in 2009. The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Allegheny Mountain Dusty Salamander, Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Population, and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the American Badger, jacksoni subspecies (Taxidea taxus jacksoni) in Canada (2013-08-05)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the American Badger, jacksoni subspecies and has prepared this recovery strategy as per section 37 of SARA. In the spirit of cooperation of the Accord, the Government of Ontario has given permission to the Government of Canada to adopt the Recovery Strategy for the American Badger (Taxidea taxus) in Ontario under section 44 of the Species at Risk Act.
  • Recovery Strategy for the American Marten (Martes americana atrata), Newfoundland population, in Canada (2013-07-09)
    The marten (Martes americana atrata) on the island of Newfoundland are a genetically and geographically distinct population of the more widely distributed American marten found across the boreal region of North America. Marten were historically distributed throughout most areas of productive forest on the island; however, the cumulative impacts of habitat alteration, forest harvest, and incidental mortality associated with snaring and trapping li ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the American Water-willow (Justicia americana) in Canada (2011-03-28)
    In May 2000, the American Water-willow (Justicia americana) was determined to be a Threatened species in Canada by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). It was added to Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act in June 2003 by the Minister of the Environment upon recommendation from COSEWIC
  • Recovery Strategy for the Anticosti Aster (Symphyotrichum anticostense) in Canada (2012-09-27)
    The Anticosti Aster (Symphyotrichum anticostense) is a perennial flowering plant. It is listed as Threatened under Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act. The current Canadian distribution is restricted to coastal areas of south-central Anticosti Island, the rivers feeding into the north shore of Baie des Chaleurs in the Gaspé Peninsula, Lac Saint-Jean (one location, at Mashteuiatsh), and along several large fast-flowing rivers in northern, centra ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar), Inner Bay of Fundy Populations (2010-05-04)
    Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is an anadromous fish endemic to the northern temperate hemisphere. The “Atlantic salmon, inner Bay of Fundy (iBoF) populations” are considered a ‘Designatable Unit’ (DU) by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC 2006). The entire iBoF DU exists within Eastern Canada. It includes all rivers draining into the inner Bay of Fundy, starting with the Mispec River (northeast of the Saint Jo ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Atlantic walrus (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus), Northwest Atlantic population, in Canada (2008-02-26)
    Walruses are large, gregarious marine mammals which can be distinguished from all other species of marine mammals by their tusks, which are long upper canine teeth, and the moustache of quill-like whiskers. Males grow to about 315 cm and 1100 kg, females to about 280 cm and 800 kg. Females mature at age 5-10 years, males at age 7-13 years. Maximum age in walruses may be greater than 35 years.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Aurora Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis timagamiensis) in Canada (2006-07-24)
    First discovered in 1923 by an angling party, aurora trout (Salvelinus fontinalis timagamiensis) were initially described in the literature as a new species (Salvelinus timagamiensis). Today aurora trout are generally believed to be a form of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) that are endemic to only two lakes - Whirligig Lake and Whitepine Lake. The aurora trout was listed as endangered under SARA in May 2000.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Aweme Borer (Papaipema aweme) in Canada (2017-02-17)
    The Minister of the Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Aweme Borer and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario, as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirement ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Baikal Sedge (Carex sabulosa) in Canada (2012-05-08)
    Baikal Sedge (Carex sabulosa) is a perennial plant that usually grows in active, shifting dune environments. The species is currently listed as Threatened under the federal Species at Risk Act. Inventory work since the COSEWIC assessment in 2005 has shown that there are nearly three times as many populations in Canada as originally thought.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Banff Springs Snail (Physella johnsoni) in Canada (2010-11-18)
    The Banff Springs Snail is a globally rare snail with a highly specialized habitat and restricted distribution. It has been recorded from eleven thermal springs in Banff National Park, was extirpated from six springs, and has now been re-established into two springs. Snail populations fluctuate seasonally by up to two orders of magnitude, making population trends difficult to ascertain. While the species does not appear to be in danger of extinct ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Barrens Willow (Salix jejuna Fernald) in Canada (2006-10-25)
    The Barrens Willow (Salix jejuna Fernald) is endemic to the limestone barrens of the Strait of Belle Isle on the northwestern part of the Great Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland. It is threatened by habitat loss and degradation, from land use activities. It was assessed by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) in 2001 as an endangered species, and listed as such under the Newfoundland and Labrador Endangered Spec ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Basking Shark (Cetorhinus maximus) in Canadian Pacific Waters (2011-07-26)
    The Pacific population of Basking Shark (Cetorhinus maximus) was assessed as ‘endangered’ in 2007 by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). In February 2010 the population was listed as ‘endangered’ under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA), affording it legal protection.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Behr’s Hairstreak (Satyrium behrii) in Canada (2016-07-07)
    Under the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk (1996), the federal, provincial, and territorial governments agreed to work together on legislation, programs, and policies to protect wildlife species at risk throughout Canada. In the spirit of cooperation of the Accord, the Government of British Columbia has given permission to the Government of Canada to adopt the “Recovery Strategy for the Behr’s Hairstreak (Satyrium behrii) in British ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) St. Lawrence Estuary Population in Canada (2012-03-27)
    The beluga is a small, toothed whale of the Monodontidae family, found in the northern hemisphere and adapted to Arctic and subarctic conditions. The species is characterized by the absence of a dorsal fin, a thick skin and tough dorsal ridge (used to break ice), and a rounded structure, called a melon, on the dorsal surface of the head, which is filled with lipids and facilitates echolocation. Adults are distinguished by their white skin. An adu ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Bent Spike-rush (Eleocharis geniculata) Great Lakes Plains population in Canada (2016-02-01)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Bent Spike-rush and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (now the Ontario Ministry of Natur ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Bert's Predaceous Diving Beetle (Sanfilippodytes bertae) in Canada (2017-02-17)
    The Minister of the Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Bert’s Predaceous Diving Beetle and has prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Alberta, as per section 39(1) of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Black-footed Ferret (Mustela nigripes) in Canada (2009-06-19)
    The black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes) is a mid-sized member of the weasel family that inhabits grassland ecosystems where prairie dogs are present (Cynomys spp.). Once thought to be globally extinct, black-footed ferrets have been reintroduced in the United States, but remain extirpated in Canada. Historical data suggests the ferret’s range once included southern Saskatchewan and southern Alberta. Recovering and reintroducing black-footed fe ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Blanchard’s Cricket Frog (Acris blanchardi) in Canada (2011-02-16)
    Under the Species at Risk Act (S.C. 2002, c.29) (SARA) the federal competent ministers are responsible for the preparation of recovery strategies for listed Extirpated, Endangered, and Threatened species. The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of the Blanchard’s Cricket Frog. Environment Canada led the development of this strategy, working in cooper ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Blanding's Turtle (Emydoidea blandingii), Nova Scotia Population, in Canada (2012-02-08)
    Blanding's turtles (Emydoidea blandingii) are typically found in shallow wetlands with abundant vegetation. During their life, they use a variety of habitats and may travel considerable distances from water, particularly for nesting. They take about 20 years to mature and can live for over 80 years. The Nova Scotia population is isolated from the species' main range and their distribution in the province appears to be limited to the southwest ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus), Northwest Atlantic Population, in Canada (2010-02-02)
    The blue whale population (Balaenoptera musculus) in the Northwest Atlantic 1 was designated as endangered by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) in May 2002. This species was added to the Species at Risk Act (SARA) list as an endangered species in January 2005. Commercial whale hunting historically carried out in the Atlantic reduced the population by about 70%; at leas
  • Recovery Strategy for the Bluehearts (Buchnera americana) in Canada (2014-12-10)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of Bluehearts and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario, the Department of National Defence and the Chippewas of Kettle and Stony Point First Nation.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Bogbean Buckmoth (Hemileuca sp.) in Canada (2015-12-23)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Bogbean Buckmoth and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (now the Ontario Ministry of Natu ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Boreal Felt Lichen (Erioderma pedicellatum), Atlantic Population, in Canada (2007-06-20)
    The boreal felt lichen (Atlantic population) is under the management jurisdiction of provincial governments. The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered, or threatened species. The boreal felt lichen was listed as Endangered under SARA in January 2005 and under the Nova Scotia Endangered Species Act in 2003. The Canadian Wildlife Service – Atlantic Reg ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Branched Phacelia (Phacelia ramosissima var. ramosissima) in Canada (2012-09-21)
    The Branched Phacelia was listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) as Endangered in August 2006. In the spirit of cooperation of the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk, the Government of British Columbia has given permission to the Government of Canada to adopt the “Recovery strategy for the Branched Phacelia (Phacelia ramosissima var. ramosissima) in British Columbia” under Section 44 of the Species at Risk Act. As the c ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Brook Spike-primrose (Epilobium densiflorum) in Canada (2013-06-21)
    Brook Spike-primrose (Epilobium torreyi) is a small annual plant that is found in ephemerally wet, disturbed areas in Canada. It is known only from extreme southwest British Columbia where it has been reported from two sites on the southeast tip of Vancouver Island (in the vicinity of Victoria): Craigflower Meadow and McTavish Road. Plants have not been seen at the McTavish Road site since 1966, or from the Craigflower Meadow site since 1993. Sin ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Buffalograss (Buchloë dactyloides) in Canada (2007-11-20)
    The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. Buffalograss was listed as threatened under SARA in June 2003. The Canadian Wildlife Service – Prairie and Northern Region, Environment Canada led the development of this recovery strategy. All responsible jurisdictions reviewed and approved the strategy. The strategy meets SARA requi ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia) in Canada (2012-05-25)
    The Burrowing Owl was officially listed as Endangered under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in June 2003. SARA (Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered, or threatened species. TThe Canadian Wildlife Service Prairie and Northern Region, Environment Canada led the development of this recovery strategy, in cooperation with the British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Alberta Sustai ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Butternut (Juglans cinerea) in Canada (2010-10-01)
    The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent ministers to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. Butternut was listed as Endangered under SARA in July 2005. The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of the Butternut. Environment Canada led the development of this recovery strategy wor
  • Recovery Strategy for the California Buttercup (Ranunculus californicus) in Canada (2013-11-06)
    The Canadian population of the California Buttercup (Ranunculus californicus Benth.) was assessed as Endangered in 2008 by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC), and in February 2011 the population was listed as Endangered under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA) Schedule 1. The California Buttercup is a low growing
  • Recovery Strategy for the Carmine Shiner (Notropis percobromus) in Canada (2013-10-24)
    Carmine shiners are slender, elongate minnows. They are omnivorous lower to mid-level consumers and spawn in early summer. In summer, fish in Manitoba are found mostly at midwater depths of clear, brown coloured, fast flowing creeks and small rivers with clean gravel or rubble substrates, usually in or near riffles. Otherwise, little is known of their biology, life history, distribution, or abundance. Information available on the species’ physio ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Channel Darter (Percina copelandi) in Canada (2013-11-08)
    The Channel Darter is a small, benthic fish with a widespread but extremely disjunct distribution ranging west of the Appalachian Mountains from Louisiana north through 15 American states, and into Ontario and Quebec. In Ontario, the Channel Darter can be found along the shores of Lake Erie, and in the drainages of Lake St. Clair, the Ottawa River, and the Bay of Quinte. In Quebec, the species is found in the St. Lawrence River and also in
  • Recovery Strategy for the Cherry Birch (Betula lenta) in Canada (2016-08-05)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Cherry Birch and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Chestnut-collared Longspur (Calcarius ornatus) in Canada (2017-11-24)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change and Minister responsible for Parks Canada Agency is the competent minister under SARA for the Chestnut-collared Longspur and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Government of Alberta, as per section 39(1) of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Cliff Paintbrush (Castilleja rupicola) in Canada (2017-02-03)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Cliff Paintbrush and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the re ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Coast Microseris (Microseris bigelovii) in Canada (2013-06-21)
    The Canadian population of Coast Microseris (Microseris bigelovii) was assessed as Endangered in 2006 by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) and in 2007 the Canadian population was listed as Endangered under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA). Coast Microseris is a small, stemless annual herb measurin
  • Recovery Strategy for the Cobblestone Tiger Beetle (Cicindela marginipennis) in Canada (2013-07-23)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the recovery of the Cobblestone Tiger Beetle and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of New Brunswick and Aboriginal organizations.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Colicroot (Aletris farinosa) in Canada (2015-12-23)
    Colicroot (Aletris farinosa) is an herbaceous perennial in the lily family reaching up to 1 m in height with white, tubular flowers which arise from a basal rosette of pale green, lance-shaped leaves. Flowering occurs between late June and late July.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Common Hoptree (Ptelea trifoliata) in Canada (2012-04-17)
    The Common Hoptree (Ptelea trifoliata), designated as Threatened in Canada, is a short-lived, shade intolerant tree of diminutive stature. It is found primarily on sandy, well-drained, often dry, naturally-disturbed shorelines, in adjacent open areas, and on alvars. These habitats are naturally limited in their distribution and thus Common Hoptree is always believed to have been rare in Canada where its range is primarily restricted to the north ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor) in Canada (2016-03-04)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of Common Nighthawk and have prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec (Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs), New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Newfoundlan ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Copper Redhorse (Moxostoma hubbsi) in Canada (2012-06-20)
    The Copper Redhorse (Moxostoma hubbsi) is the only fish whose distribution is exclusively restricted to Quebec. This range is restricted even further to the St. Lawrence River and some of its tributaries. At the present time, the Richelieu River is the only body of water in which reproductive activity has been confirmed. The Copper Redhorse population is in decline. Several threats to the recovery of the species have been identified: habitat de ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Dakota Skipper (Hesperia dacotae) in Canada (2007-11-20)
    The Dakota skipper (Hesperia dacotae) was designated Threatened by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) in 2003 (COSEWIC 2003) and was officially listed under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in July 2005. SARA (Section 37) requires the competent Minister to prepare a recovery strategy for all listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. The Canadian Wildlife Service – Prairie and Northern Region, Environme ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Dense Blazing Star (Liatris spicata) in Canada (2014-12-10)
    Dense Blazing Star (Liatris spicata) is an herbaceous perennial reaching up to 2 m in height with a dense, showy spike of purple (occasionally white) flowers. Flowering occurs from mid-July to mid-September. Cultivated strains of the species have been bred for use in the floral trade and as ornamentals in gardens.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Dense Spike-primrose (Epilobium densiflorum) in Canada (2013-08-19)
    Dense Spike-primrose (Epilobium densiflorum) is listed as Endangered under Canada's Species at Risk Act (SARA). Dense Spike-primrose is an annual herb, which measures 15-100 cm in height with a hairy stem and small white to rose-purple flowers. It is restricted to western North America: from southern British Columbia to southern California east to Utah and Idaho. The species is listed as globally secure.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Dense-flowered Lupine (Lupinus densiflorus) in Canada (2011-06-30)
    Dense-flowered Lupine is an annual plant restricted to western North America. Within its range, Dense-flowered Lupine is restricted to dry to moist grassy openings, clay cliffs, and eroding grassy banks and benches above the seashore. The Canadian populations and a small number of populations on nearby islands in Puget Sound constitute a disjunct element within the species that appears to be evolutionarily distinct and may comprise a variety ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Dromedary Jumping-slug (Hemphillia dromedarius) in Canada (2017-08-24)
    Dromedary Jumping-slug, Hemphillia dromedarius, is an old-growth coniferous forest-dwelling slug endemic to southern British Columbia (B.C.) and western Washington, with unconfirmed records in northern Oregon. The species exists at the northernmost limits of its range in south western B.C. with a known Canadian range extent of approximately 4000 km2confined to southern Vancouver Island. The species was located and confirmed in Canada in 1999. As ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Drooping Trillium (Trillium flexipes) in Canada (2016-02-17)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Drooping Trillium and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (now the Ontario Ministry of Nat ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Dusky Dune Moth (Copablepharon longipenne) in Canada (2015-12-23)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the Dusky Dune Moth and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, the Department of National Defence, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and Carry the Kettle Nakoda First Nation.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Dwarf Hackberry (Celtis tenuifolia) in Canada (2011-09-02)
    Dwarf Hackberry (Celtis tenuifolia), designated as Threatened in Canada, is a small, stiffly-branched, tree. It typically reproduces sexually and requires fruit-eating birds for long-distance seed dispersal. A number of species depend on it and other hackberry species for their life cycles.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Dwarf Lake Iris (Iris lacustris) in Canada (2011-02-07)
    Dwarf Lake Iris is a globally rare plant endemic to the Great Lakes region. It is restricted in Canada to semi-shaded habitats with calcium-rich soils near the Lake Huron coast of Bruce County and on Manitoulin Island, Ontario. In 2004, it was designated as Threatened by the Committee on the Status of Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) due to restricted geographic range, low number of populations, declines and loss of some populations, and potential th ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Dwarf Wedgemussel (Alasmidonta heterodon) in Canada (2007-09-27)
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada has led development of this recovery strategy for the dwarf wedgemussel. The development of the recovery strategy has involved: (i) the preparation of a draft addressing SARA requirements for recovery strategies for extirpated species; (ii) the circulation of this draft for review and comment by the provincial government of New Brunswick; (iii) public consultations on the draft strategy; and (iv) the finalisation of t ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in Canada (2014-03-13)
    The Eastern Flowering Dogwood, a small understory tree of deciduous forests, was listed as Endangered on Schedule 1 of the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA) in 2009. Environment Canada (EC) is the lead federal department under SARA, but the province of Ontario is the responsible jurisdiction for the management of this species and is the lead for recovery planning under the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk. A provincial recovery strat ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Hog-nosed Snake (Heterodon platirhinos) in Canada (2009-03-31)
    The Eastern Hog-nosed Snake (Heterodon platirhinos) was designated Threatened in Canada in 2001 by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). It is widespread across much of eastern North America, but in Canada, it is limited to two areas of Ontario: the Carolinian Life Zone of southwestern Ontario, and central Ontario south of the French River and Lake Nipissing. Although the current distribution of the Eastern Hog-n ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Mountain Avens (Geum peckii) in Canada (2010-04-28)
    The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. The Eastern Mountain Avens was listed as Endangered under SARA in June 2003 and under the Nova Scotia Endangered Species Act in 2000. Canadian Wildlife Service - Atlantic Region (Environment Canada) and the Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources led the development of this Recovery ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Prairie Fringed–orchid (Platanthera leucophaea) in Canada (2012-02-17)
    The Eastern Prairie Fringed–orchid (Platanthera leucophaea) is a tall perennial orchid that has been documented in Canada at only 32 sites in Ontario, of which only 21 are believed to be extant. Many of these extant populations, however, are very small, and only a few are believed to be large enough to be viable. The Eastern Prairie Fringed–orchid is considered to be globally imperiled; it is rare and declining throughout its range in eastern Nor ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia humifusa) in Canada (2010-11-30)
    The Eastern Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia humifusa) is a perennial, low-spreading, succulent cactus with jointed, rounded, but flattened, green stems measuring 5 to 12 cm in length. Stem segments are fleshy or firm, and sparsely covered with clusters of barbed bristles and spines. It occurs in small patches or large, scattered colonies of thousands of stems. An Endangered plant species in Canada, it reaches the northern edge of its range in the ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Ribbonsnake (Thamnophis sauritus), Atlantic Population in Canada (2014-03-21)
    The eastern ribbonsnake (Thamnophis sauritus) is a small, slender, semi-aquatic snake typically found in slow flowing wetlands with abundant aquatic and terrestrial vegetation. Like several other species in the province, eastern ribbonsnakes occur near the northern limit of their range in Nova Scotia and are isolated from the species’ main range. Within the province, eastern ribbonsnakes appear to have a limited distribution in the southwest inte ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Sand Darter (Ammocrypta pellucida) in Canada, Quebec populations (2014-04-29)
    The eastern sand darter is a small, translucent freshwater fish of a yellowish or silvery shade with a series of 10-14 lateral dark spots. The global distribution of the eastern sand darter consists of two disjunct areas and is limited to North America. The species was designated as “threatened” and listed under Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act in June 2003. After the last assessment by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Sand Darter (Ammocrypta pellucida) in Canada: Ontario Populations (2012-10-19)
    The Eastern Sand Darter is a small benthic and translucent fish whose North American range is discontinuous and composed of two disjunct areas. One element occurs in the Great Lakes and Ohio River drainage, while the other occurs in Lake Champlain and the St. Lawrence River. In Ontario, it has been recently collected in Lake Erie, Lake St. Clair, the Grand, Sydenham and Thames rivers, and Big Creek. There are limited data available on the Ea ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Yellow-bellied Racer (Coluber constrictor flaviventris) in Canada (2010-10-27)
    The Eastern Yellow-bellied Racer (Coluber constrictor flaviventris) is a long, smooth scaled, quick moving diurnal snake of the North American Colubrid family. Identifiable by its yellow coloured belly and olive dorsal scales, Eastern Yellow-bellied Racers range from Texas and Louisiana up to Iowa, North Dakota and Montana, with the extreme northern tip extending into southwestern Saskatchewan and southeastern Alberta. Known distributions of Cana ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Engelmann’s Quillwort (Isoetes engelmannii) in Canada (2007-02-13)
    This national Recovery Strategy provides guidance for the recovery of Engelmann's quillwort (Isoetes engelmannii) in Canada. Engelmann’s quillwort was listed as Endangered under the Species at Risk Act given that there are only two known populations in Canada, restricted to two rivers in Ontario. In addition, the Canadian populations are disjunct from the core range of the species in the northeastern United States.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Ermine, haidarum subspecies (Mustela erminea haidarum), in Canada (2011-07-22)
    This federal Recovery Strategy for the Ermine, haidarum subspecies (Mustela ermine haidarum), in Canada has been produced based upon the Province of British Columbia’s Recovery Strategy for Ermine haidarum subspecies (Mustela ermine haidarum) in British Columbia. The federal text includes information to bring the Province of British Columbia’s recovery strategy into compliance with policies surrounding the Species at Risk Act. These changes inclu ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Eskimo Curlew (Numenius borealis) in Canada (2007-06-20)
    The Eskimo Curlew is a migratory bird covered under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and is under the management jurisdiction of the federal government. The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. The Eskimo Curlew was listed as endangered under SARA in June 2003. The Canadian Wildlife Service – Prairie and Northern Re
  • Recovery Strategy for the False Hop Sedge (Carex lupuliformis) in Canada (2014-01-23)
    The False Hop Sedge (Carex lupuliformis) is an herbaceous perennial in the sedge family. It is listed as Endangered on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA). The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the False Hop Sedge and has developed this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the governments of Ontario (Ministry of Natural Resources) and Quebec (Ministère du Dé ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Few-flowered Club-rush/Bashful Bulrush in Canada (Trichophorum planifolium (Sprengel) Palla) (2007-06-20)
    The Few-flowered Club-rush/Bashful bulrush is under the management jurisdiction of the Ontario provincial government. The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent Minister to prepare a recovery strategy for all listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. SARA Section 44(1) allows the Minister to adopt an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content and process (Sections 39- ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Flooded Jellyskin Lichen (Leptogium rivulare) in Canada (2013-02-25)
    The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. The Flooded Jellyskin was listed as threatened under SARA in July 2005. Environment Canada led the development of this recovery strategy. This recovery strategy was prepared in cooperation with the provinces of Manitoba and Ontario.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Foothill Sedge (Carex tumulicola) in Canada (2013-06-21)
    The Canadian population of Foothill Sedge (Carex tumulicola Mack.) was assessed as Endangered in 2008 by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC), and in February 2010 the species was listed as Endangered under Canada’s Species at Risk Act, affording it legal protection. Foothill Sedge is a tufted, grass-like perennial plant with drab green flowers. It is restr
  • Recovery Strategy for the Fragrant Popcornflower (Plagiobothrys figuratus) in Canada (2013-06-21)
    The Canadian population of the Fragrant Popcornflower (Plagiobothrys figuratus) was assessed as Endangered in 2008 by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC), and in February 2010 the population was listed as Endangered under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA) affording it legal protection. The Fragrant Pop
  • Recovery Strategy for the Furbish's Lousewort (Pedicularis furbishiae) in Canada (2010-06-23)
    The Furbish's Lousewort was listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) at proclamation, in June 2003. It was initially assessed and designated as Endangered by the Committee on the status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) in 1980. COSEWIC re-examined and re-confirmed the Furbish's Lousewort Endangered status in April 1998 and May 2000. SARA section 37 requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for all l ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Gold-edged Gem (Schinia avemensis) in Canada (2014-03-13)
    The Gold-edged Gem is a small inconspicuous day-flying flower moth endemic to North America. Globally, the species is considered rare and has a restricted distribution; only twelve element occurrences are known to exist in Canada and the United States. The nine occurrences known to exist within Canada are small and fragmented with a limited range; the species was listed as Endangered under the Species at Risk Act in 2007.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera) in Canada (2016-08-05)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of the Golden-winged Warbler and have prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared to the extent possible in cooperation with the Provinces of Manitoba (Manitoba Conservation), Ontario (Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry) and Quebec (Ministère du Développement durable, de l’Enviro ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Grand Coulee Owl-clover (Orthocarpus barbatus) in Canada (2012-09-21)
    The Grand Coulee Owl-clover was listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) as Endangered in August 2006. In the spirit of cooperation of the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk, the Government of British Columbia has given permission to the Government of Canada to adopt the “Recovery Strategy for the Grand Coulee Owl-clover (Orthocarpus barbatus) in British Columbia” under Section 44 of the Species at Risk Act. As the compet ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Gray’s Desert-parsley (Lomatium grayi) in Canada (2014-01-31)
    The Canadian population of Gray’s Desert-parsley (Lomatium grayi) was assessed as Threatened in 2008 by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) and in 2011 the Canadian population was listed as Threatened under Canada’s Species at Risk Act.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus urophasianus) in Canada (2014-12-31)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers under SARA for the recovery of the Greater Sage-Grouse and have prepared this amended recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and the Provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta. This amended recovery strategy for the Greater Sage-Grouse updates and repla
  • Recovery Strategy for the Greater Short-horned Lizard (Phrynosoma hernandesi) in Canada (2015-07-31)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers under SARA for the Greater Short-horned Lizard and have prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the governments of Alberta and Saskatchewan and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Green-scaled Willow (Salix chlorolepis) in Canada (2011-02-16)
    Under the Species at Risk Act (S.C. 2002, c. 29) (SARA), the federal competent ministers are responsible for the preparation of recovery strategies for listed Extirpated, Endangered, and Threatened species. The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Green-scaled Willow and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Government of Quebec. The administ ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Grey Whale (Eschrichtius robustus), Atlantic Population, in Canada (2007-09-27)
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada has led the development of this recovery strategy for the Atlantic population of grey whale. The development of the recovery strategy has involved: (i) the preparation of a draft addressing SARA requirements for recovery strategies for extirpated species; (ii) the circulation of this draft for review and comment by the provincial governments of Québec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos), Prairie Population, in Canada (2009-07-29)
    The grizzly bear, Prairie population, was designated as extirpated by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) in 1991 and was officially listed under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in June 2003. Section 37 of SARA requires the competent minister to prepare a recovery strategy for all listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. The Canadian Wildlife Service – Prairie and Northern Region, Environment Canada l ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Gulf of St. Lawrence Aster (Symphyotrichum laurentianum) in Canada (2012-10-23)
    Gulf of St. Lawrence Aster is an annual facultative halophyte endemic to the Gulf of St. Lawrence. The species was assessed as Threatened by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada in 2004 and was listed accordingly in Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act in 2005. The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of the Gulf of St. Lawrence A ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Half-moon Hairstreak (Satyrium semiluna) in Canada (2016-06-17)
    Under the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk (1996), the federal, provincial, and territorial governments agreed to work together on legislation, programs, and policies to protect wildlife species at risk throughout Canada. In the spirit of cooperation of the Accord, the Government of British Columbia has given permission to the Government of Canada to adopt the “Recovery Strategy for the Half-moon Hairstreak (Satyrium semiluna) in Bri ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Heart-leaved Plantain (Plantago cordata) in Canada (2013-01-09)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of Heart-leaved Plantain and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario, the Department of National Defence, and the Chippewas of Kettle and Stony Point First Nation.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Henslow’s Sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii) in Canada (2010-09-15)
    Henslow’s Sparrow was officially assessed by the Committee on the Status of Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) as endangered in April 1993, and its status was confirmed in November 2000. It is also a migratory bird protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and is under the management jurisdiction of the federal government. The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Hill's Thistle (Cirsium hillii) in Canada (2011-07-06)
    Hill's Thistle (Cirsium hillii) is listed as Threatened under Schedule 1 of the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA). In Ontario, it is listed as Threatened on the Species at Risk in Ontario (SARO) List under the Endangered Species Act, 2007 (ESA). The global rank of Hill's Thistle is vulnerable, and is completely restr
  • Recovery Strategy for the Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus), Magdalen Islands Population, in Canada (2013-05-17)
    The Horned Grebe, Magdalen Islands population, is an aquatic bird that reproduces in small ponds on Quebec's Magdalen Islands. The population was assessed as endangered by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada in 2009 and has been listed as endangered in Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) since 2011. The Minister of the Environment is responsible for the recovery of the Horned Grebe, Magdalen Islands population
  • Recovery Strategy for the Horned Lark strigata subspecies (Eremophila alpestris strigata) and Recovery Strategy for the Vesper Sparrow affinis subspecies (Pooecetes gramineus affinis) in Canada (2016-12-20)
    The Horned Lark strigata (Eremophila alpestris strigata) was added to Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) as Endangered in 2005. The Vesper Sparrow affinis (Pooecetes gramineus affinis) was added to Schedule 1 of SARA as Endangered in 2007. The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of Horned Lark strigata sub
  • Recovery Strategy for the Horsetail Spike-rush (Eleocharis equisetoides) in Canada (2006-10-25)
    The horsetail spike-rush (Eleocharis equisetoides) is under the management jurisdiction of Environment Canada (Canadian Wildlife Service – Ontario Region). The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered, or threatened species.The horsetail spike-rush was assessed as Endangered by COSEWIC in Novemb
  • Recovery Strategy for the Incurved Grizzled Moss (Ptychomitrium incurvum) in Canada (2007-11-20)
    Incurved grizzled moss is under the management jurisdiction of the Ontario provincial government. The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. Incurved grizzled moss was listed as Extirpated under SARA in June 2003. The Canadian Wildlife Service – Ontario Region, Environment Canada, developed this recovery strategy. The Province o ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Island Blue (Plebejus saepiolus insulanus) in Canada (2008-07-15)
    Greenish Blue insulanus subspecies (Plebejus saepiolus insulanus Blackmore) is a subspecies of the Nearctic butterfly species P. saepiolus (Boisduval), the Greenish Blue, in the family Lycaenidae, which includes the blues, hairstreaks, and coppers. Seven subspecies of P. saepiolus are taxonomically described, two of which occur in British Columbia (B.C.): Greenish Blue insulanus subspecies, and P. saepiolus amica (W.H. Edwards). Greenish B
  • Recovery Strategy for the Ivory Gull (Pagophila eburnea) in Canada (2014-03-13)
    The Ivory Gull (Pagophila eburnea) is a medium-sized Arctic gull. It is listed as Endangered under Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act. The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Ivory Gull and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with: (1) Inuit communities of Resolute Bay and Grise Fiord; (2) the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board; and (3) the
  • Recovery Strategy for the Jefferson Salamander (Ambystoma jeffersonianum) in Canada (2016-02-01)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Jefferson Salamander and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (now the Ontario Ministry of ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Kentucky Coffee-tree (Gymnocladus dioicus) in Canada (2014-12-23)
    Kentucky Coffee-tree (Gymnocladus dioicus) is a moderate-sized canopy tree of the legume family, and is the only member of its genus in North America. Male and female flowers are generally produced on separate trees and, when fertilized, form a hard, dark, bean-like pod, which remains on the tree through the winter. However, the species spreads primarily through root suckers (ramets) and sexual reproduction is relatively infrequent.
  • Recovery Strategy for the King Rail (Rallus elegans) in Canada (2012-02-17)
    The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. The King Rail was listed as endangered under SARA in August 2006. Environment Canada led the development of this Recovery Strategy in partnership with the Parks Canada Agency. This recovery strategy was prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario, Walpole Island First N
  • Recovery Strategy for the Kirtland’s Warbler (Dendroica kirtlandii) in Canada (2006-10-25)
    The Kirtland’s Warbler was listed as endangered under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in June 2003. It is also a migratory bird protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and is under the management jurisdiction of the federal government. The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. Canadian Wildlife Service – Ontar ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Lake Chubsucker (Erimyzon sucetta) in Canada (2010-06-04)
    The lake chubsucker is declining throughout most of its range across Canada and the United States. The Canadian range of this species is restricted to southwestern Ontario: the Ausable River, Lake St. Clair, Thames River (Jeanette’s Creek), coastal wetlands of Lake Erie, several tributaries of Big Creek and Niagara rivers (Tee Creek and Lyons Creek). NOTE: A proposed recovery strategy for this species was posted on the SARA Public Registry in S ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Lake Utopia Rainbow Smelt (Osmerus mordax), Small-bodied Population (sympatric with the Large-bodied Population), in Canada (2016-10-26)
    The native Rainbow Smelt (Osmerus mordax), inhabiting Lake Utopia, consists of two co-existing morphologically, ecologically, and genetically differentiated (sympatric) populations: a small-bodied form and a large-bodied form (Bradbury et al. 2011). Together the two populations are referred to as the Lake Utopia Rainbow Smelt sympatric species pair, or simply Lake Utopia Rainbow Smelt (LURS). They occur only in this single, small lake in the Maga ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Lakeside Daisy (Hymenoxys herbacea) in Canada (2011-03-24)
    Lakeside Daisy is listed as Threatened under Schedule 1 of the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA). In Ontario, it is listed as Threatened on the Species at Risk in Ontario (SARO) List under the Endangered Species Act, 2007 (ESA). The global range of Lakeside Daisy is restricted to the Bruce Peninsula and Manitoulin Island Regions of Ontario and six sites in the United States, some of which are re-introductions. The Canadian range of Lakeside Dais ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis) in Canada (2014-12-10)
    The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. The Least Bittern was listed as threatened under SARA in June 2003. Environment Canada led the development of this Recovery Strategy in partnership with the Parks Canada Agency. This recovery strategy was prepared in cooperation with the Provinces of Manitoba, Ontario, New Brunswick, ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Lemmon’s Holly Fern (Polystichum lemmonii) in Canada (2013-05-14)
    The federal Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Lemmon’s Holly Fern and has prepared this recovery strategy as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). Environment Canada has adopted the British Columbia recovery strategy and prepared a federal additi ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Lewis's Woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis) in Canada (Proposed) (2017-10-13)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change and Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency is the competent minister under SARA for the Lewis’s Woodpecker and has prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia, Indigenous Organizations and affected stakeholders as per section 39(1) of SARA. An incorrect version of this docume ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Lindley's False Silverpuffs (Uropappus lindleyi) in Canada (2013-06-21)
    The Canadian population of the Lindley’s False Silverpuffs (Uropappus lindleyi) was assessed as Endangered in 2008 by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC), and in February 2010, the species was listed as Endangered under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA). Lindley’s False Silverpuffs is a flowering plan
  • Recovery Strategy for the Loggerhead Shrike, migrans subspecies (Lanius ludovicianus migrans), in Canada (2015-02-19)
    The Loggerhead Shrike, migrans subspecies was listed as Endangered under SARA in June 2003. It is also a migratory bird protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 which places it under the management jurisdiction of the federal government. The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of the Loggerhead Shrike, migrans subspecies and have prepared ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Loggerhead Shrike, Prairie subspecies (Lanius ludovicianus excubitorides), in Canada (2015-07-31)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers under SARA for the recovery of the Loggerhead Shrike, excubitorides subspecies, and have prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Governments of Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan, Parks Canada Agency, Department of National Defence, and Agriculture and ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Long’s Braya (Braya longii) and the Fernald’s Braya (Braya fernaldii) in Canada (2012-07-06)
    The Long’s Braya (Braya longii Fernald) and Fernald’s Braya (B. fernaldii Abbe) were listed as Endangered and Threatened, respectively, under the federal Species at Risk Act in 2003 and the Newfoundland and Labrador Endangered Species Act in 2002. A single recovery strategy for these two species has been developed due to the similarity in occurrences, threats, and recovery approaches. The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Macoun’s Meadowfoam (Limnanthes macounii) in Canada (2013-11-06)
    This recovery strategy has been developed to provide guidance for the recovery of Canadian populations of Macoun’s meadow-foam (Limnanthes macounii), a vascular plant at risk. Macoun’s meadow-foam is an annual species with small, whitish flowers.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus) in Canada (2014-06-03)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers under SARA for the Marbled Murrelet and have prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Margined Streamside Moss (Scouleria marginata) in Canada (2008-05-02)
    The margined streamside moss was listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) as Endangered in June 2003. SARA section 37 requires the competent minister to prepare a recovery strategy for all listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)).
  • Recovery Strategy for the Maritime Ringlet (Coenonympha nipisiquit) in Canada (2012-10-23)
    The Maritime Ringlet (Coenonympha nipisiquit) is a small (wing span 32–36 mm) tan to orange brown–coloured butterfly that is one of only two butterflies in Canada with a life cycle entirely limited to a salt marsh habitat. It is listed as Endangered under Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act since 2003.In Appendix A, minor changes were made to the coordinates of the polygon containing critical habitat for Forillon National Park and to the associ ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus) in Canada (2015-07-24)
    The Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus) is a stout-bodied, relatively small rattlesnake that feeds primarily on small mammals. It is assessed as Threatened by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) due to a historical population decline, continued habitat fragmentation and loss, and human persecution, and is listed as Threatened on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act
  • Recovery Strategy for the Mormon Metalmark (Apodemia mormo) Prairie Population, in Canada (2008-01-14)
    Although information is limited, it appears that in Saskatchewan Mormon metalmarks typically occur on hillsides, slopes, or embankments on barren clay or heavy clay soil where its host plant, the branched umbrella plant (Eriogonum pauciflorum) occurs. In general, the literature suggests that this butterfly is associated with unstable slopes where the natural erosion of the sand or gravel substrate provides habitat for the host plant. Adult meta ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus) in Canada (2006-10-25)
    The Mountain Plover is a migratory bird protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and is under the management jurisdiction of the federal government. The Mountain Plover was listed as endangered under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in June 2003. SARA (Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered, or threatened species. The Canadian Wildlife Service – Prairie and Northe ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Muhlenberg's Centaury (Centaurium muehlenbergii) in Canada (2013-04-05)
    The Canadian population of the Muhlenberg’s Centaury (Centaurium muehlenbergii) was assessed as Endangered in 2008 by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC), and in February 2010 the population was listed as Endangered under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA) affording it legal protection.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Nodding Pogonia (Triphora trianthophoros) in Canada (2016-06-17)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the Nodding Pogonia and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (now the Ontario Ministry of Natural Re ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the North Atlantic Right Whale (Eubalaena glacialis) in Atlantic Canadian Waters (2014-04-14)
    The North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis) is a large (up to 17 metres) whale, generally black in colour with occasional white belly patches and no dorsal fin. Right whales were once common in temperate waters of the Western Atlantic but were seriously depleted by whaling. An accurate population estimate for the species is yet to be calculated. The population of North Atlantic right whales in Atlantic Canadian waters was estimated in 20 ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the North Pacific Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) in Canada (2013-10-21)
    In 2003, North Pacific Humpback Whale population status was assessed as ‘threatened’ by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC), and in 2005 the population was listed as ‘threatened’ under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA) affording it legal protection. The population’s status was re-assessed as ‘special concern’ in 2011 by <abbr t
  • Recovery Strategy for the North Pacific Right Whale (Eubalaena japonica) in Pacific Canadian Waters (2011-08-11)
    A draft “National Recovery Strategy for the North Pacific Right Whale in Pacific Canadian Waters” was prepared in 2003-04 by Fisheries and Oceans Canada, with input from other stakeholders and interested parties.  This current recovery strategy fulfills requirements under SARA and provides updated information regarding North Pacific Right Whales in Pacific Canadian waters and adjacent waters, as well as re-focused recovery measures for the s
  • Recovery Strategy for the Northern and Southern Resident Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) in Canada (2011-10-12)
    Two distinct populations of killer whales (Orcinus orca), known as the northern and southern residents, occupy the waters off the west coast of British Columbia. In 2001, COSEWIC designated southern resident killer whales as ‘endangered’, and northern resident killer whales as ‘threatened’. Both populations are listed in Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SAR
  • Recovery Strategy for the Northern Bottlenose Whale (Hyperoodon ampullatus), Scotian Shelf population, in Atlantic Canadian Waters (2016-06-09)
    The northern bottlenose whale (Hyperoodon ampullatus) is found only in the North Atlantic, primarily in offshore waters deeper than 500 metres. There are several historic centres of abundance based on whaling information: west of Spitsbergen, around Iceland, off northern and western Norway, in Canadian waters of the Davis Strait, and along the edge of the eastern Scotian Shelf, the southern-most centre of abundance. The whales occupying the easte ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Northern Madtom (Noturus stigmosus) in Canada (2012-06-12)
    The Northern Madtom is a small (132 mm, maximum total length) freshwater catfish recognized by an overall mottled colour pattern with three distinct saddle-shaped markings on the back, located at the front of the dorsal fin, behind the dorsal fin and at the adipose fin. Evidence suggests that the Northern Madtom tolerates a wide range of habitat conditions and can be found in small creeks to large rivers, with clear to turbid water and moderate ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Northern Saw-whet Owl brooksi subspecies (Aegolius acadicus brooksi) in Canada (2014-04-10)
    The Northern Saw-whet Owl, brooksi subspecies, (hereafter 'Saw-whet Owl') is an endemic subspecies to Haida Gwaii (Queen Charlotte Islands). Saw-whet Owls are small, brown owls with broad reddish brown stripes on their chest. The brooksi subspecies was designated as Threatened by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) in April 2006 because they are a distinct subspec
  • Recovery Strategy for the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) in British Columbia (2006-10-25)
    The Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) is among the most studied, high profiled owl species in the world because of its close association with old forests and the use of these forests by society for urbanization and resource extraction. In Canada, the Spotted Owl was designated Endangered in 1986 (renewed in 2000) by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC).
  • Recovery Strategy for the Northern Wolffish (Anarhichas denticulatus) and Spotted Wolffish (Anarhichas minor), and Management Plan for Atlantic Wolffish (Anarhichas lupus) in Canada (2008-02-27)
    Four species of wolffish (family Anarhichadidae) inhabit Canadian waters: Anarhichas denticulatus (northern), A. minor (spotted) and A. lupus (atlantic) in the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans, and A. orientalis in the Arctic Ocean only. In May 2001, A. denticulatus and A. minor were assessed by COSEWIC (Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada) as “threatened” due to declines in their abundance and biomass. This assessment applies to s ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Nugget Moss (Microbryum vlassovii) in Canada (2012-09-21)
    The Nugget Moss was listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) as Endangered in March 2009. In the spirit of cooperation of the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk, the Government of British Columbia has given permission to the Government of Canada to adopt the “Recovery strategy for the nugget moss (Microbryum vlassovii) in British Columbia” under Section 44 of the Species at Risk Act. As the competent minister under SARA, ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Ord’s Kangaroo Rat (Dipodomys ordii) in Canada (2012-11-30)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Ord’s Kangaroo Rat and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation or consultation with the Alberta Government, Saskatchewan Government, Department of National Defence, and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Oregon Forestsnail (Allogona townsendiana) in Canada (2016-02-17)
    The Minister of Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Oregon Forestsnail and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with British Columbia Ministry of Environment, the Department of National Defence, and the British Columbia Conservation Data Centre. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Oregon Lupine (Lupinus oreganus) in Canada (2013-12-20)
    Oregon Lupine (Lupinus oreganus Heller) was assessed as Extirpated in 2008 by the Committee on the Status of endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) and in 2011 the Canadian population was listed as Extirpated on Schedule 1 of Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA).
  • Recovery Strategy for the Oregon Spotted Frog (Rana pretiosa) in Canada (2015-12-30)
    The Oregon Spotted Frog, a highly aquatic frog, was listed as Endangered on Schedule 1 of the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA) in 2003. Environment Canada (EC) is the lead federal department under SARA, but the province of British Columbia is the responsible jurisdiction for the management of this species and is the lead for recovery planning under the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk. A provincial recovery strategy for the species ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Ottoe Skipper (Hesperia ottoe) in Canada (2010-04-15)
    The Ottoe skipper (Hesperia ottoe) was designated Endangered by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) in 2005 (COSEWIC 2005) and was listed as Endangered under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) by the Minister of the Environment in August 2006. SARA (Section 37) requires the competent Minister to prepare a recovery strategy for all listed extirpated, endangered, or threatened species. The Canadian Wildlife Service ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Pacific Pond Turtle (Actinemys marmorata) in Canada (2015-12-30)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the Pacific Pond Turtle, and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia (B.C.). SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Pacific Water Shrew (Sorex bendirii) in Canada (2014-12-10)
    The Pacific Water Shrew, Sorex bendirii, is a semiaquatic riparian habitat specialist whose range in Canada is limited to approximately 5700 km2 in the highly urbanized landscape of the Lower Mainland/Fraser Valley of British Columbia (B.C.). This mammal was designated as Endangered by COSEWIC i
  • Recovery Strategy for the Paddlefish (Polyodon spathula) in Canada (2008-02-27)
    This recovery strategy for paddlefish has been prepared in cooperation with the jurisdictions described in the Preface. Fisheries and Oceans Canada has reviewed and accepts this document as its paddlefish recovery strategy as required by the Species at Risk Act. This recovery strategy also constitutes advice to other jurisdictions and organizations on the recovery approaches and objectives that are recommended to protect and recover the species. ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Pale-bellied Frost Lichen (Physconia subpallida) in Canada (2016-01-29)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of the Pale-bellied Frost Lichen and have prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontari ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Pink Milkwort (Polygala incarnata) in Canada (2013-08-05)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Pink Milkwort and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Government of Ontario’s Ministry of Natural Resources.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Pink Sand-verbena (Abronia umbellata) in Canada (2007-02-14)
    Pink Sand-verbena was assessed by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) as an endangered species in Canada in May 2004 and added to Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act in July 2005. It is an endemic species of the central west coast of North America and has been designated a species of Special Concern in the U.S. Its current Canadian range consists of a single population in Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, o ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus circumcinctus) in Canada (2007-07-13)
    The Piping Plover is a migratory bird covered under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and is under the management jurisdiction of the federal government. The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered, or threatened species. The Piping Plover was designated as Endangered by COSEWIC in 2001 and
  • Recovery Strategy for the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus melodus) in Canada (2012-08-15)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of the Piping Plover, melodus subspecies and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with Parks Canada Agency, the Provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, and Québec, also Aboriginal groups and the Eastern Canadian ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Poor Pocket Moss (Fissidens pauperculus) in Canada (2010-04-15)
    The poor pocket moss was listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) as Endangered in June 2003. SARA section 37 requires the competent Minister to prepare a recovery strategy for all listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The British Columbia M ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Porsild’s Bryum (Haplodontium macrocarpum) in Canada (2016-07-06)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of the Porsild’s Bryum and have prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Newfoundland and Labrador, as well as the Territory of Nunavut, and the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Poweshiek Skipperling (Oarisma poweshiek) in Canada (2012-09-27)
    The Poweshiek Skipperling was listed as Threatened under the Species at Risk Act in July 2005. The Minister of Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Poweshiek Skipperling and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with government of Manitoba.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea) in Canada (2011-03-01)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Prothonotary Warbler and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with Parks Canada Agency and the Province of Ontario. This document is a revised version of the Recovery Strategy for the Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea) in Canada [PROPOSED] originally posted on the Species at Risk Registry on July 23, ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Puget Oregonian Snail (Cryptomastix devia) in Canada (2010-06-23)
    The Puget Oregonian Snail was listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) as Extirpated in January 2005. SARA section 37 requires the competent Minister to prepare a recovery strategy for all listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The British C ...
  • Recovery strategy for the Pugnose Shiner (Notropis anogenus) in Canada (2013-01-25)
    The Pugnose Shiner is a small minnow that is distinguished from similar species by its tiny, upturned, mouth and black stomach cavity lining. Colouration is mostly silver with yellow and olive tints above the lateral black band where scales are heavily outlined. Male Pugnose Shiner can reach total lengths (TL) of 50 mm, while females can reach up to 60 mm TL. This species is found in highly-vegetated, clear, slow-moving water, and its distributio ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Queensnake (Regina septemvittata) in Canada (2016-08-05)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of the Queensnake and have prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Rayless Goldfields (Lasthenia glaberrima) in Canada (2012-12-20)
    The Canadian population of the Rayless Goldfields (Lasthenia glaberrima) was assessed as Endangered in 2008 by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC), and in February 2010 the population was listed as Endangered under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA) affording it legal protection.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Red Crossbill, percna subspecies (Loxia curvirostra percna), in Canada (2006-10-25)
    The Red Crossbill, percna subspecies, is a migratory bird covered under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and is under the management jurisdiction of the federal government. The Province of Newfoundland and Labrador will have primary responsibility for the management of a significant portion of the Red Crossbill’s critical habitat once it has been identified. The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to pre ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Red Mulberry (Morus rubra) in Canada (2011-02-28)
    Red Mulberry (Morus rubra) is an understory tree of moist, eastern North American forests, woodlands, and talus communities. In Canada, it has been confirmed as extant in 21 locations in two broad regions within the Carolinian Life Zone of southern Ontario: 1) Essex County and the Municipality of Chatham-Kent and 2) Niagara, including the cities of Hamilton and Burlington. Only 10 sites have five or more individuals. This species' range is contra ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Rigid Apple Moss (Bartramia stricta Bridel) in Canada (2011-06-30)
    The rigid apple moss (Bartramia stricta) is a small, brownish-green moss that grows in small tufts or patches. It has been found in North America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia. It is rare in North America, reported from California, New Mexico, Texas, and British Columbia.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Rocky Mountain Sculpin (Cottus sp.), Eastslope populations in Canada (2012-11-13)
    In August 2006, the Rocky Mountain Sculpin (Cottus sp.), Eastslope populations, in the St. Mary and Milk river watersheds of Alberta were officially listed as “Threatened” under Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA). Under SARA a recovery strategy is required within two years of listing for threatened species. In December 2007, the species was similarly listed under Alberta’s Wildlif
  • Recovery Strategy for the Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog (Ascaphus montanus) in Canada (2015-12-30)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Rocky Mountain Tailed Frog and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia (B.C.). SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sectio ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Roseate Tern (Sterna dougallii) in Canada (2010-09-08)
    The Recovery Strategy for the Roseate Tern (Sterna dougallii) in Canada (Environment Canada, 2006) was posted on the Species at Risk Public Registry in October 2006. Under Section 45 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA), the Minister of the Environment may amend a recovery strategy at any time. This recovery strategy was amended in September 2010. The Roseate Tern is a migratory bird covered under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 an
  • Recovery Strategy for the Ross’s Gull (Rhodostethia rosea) in Canada (2007-11-20)
    The Ross’s Gull was officially listed as Threatened under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in June 2003. Section 37 of the Species at Risk Act requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered, or threatened species. Canadian Wildlife Service (Prairie and Northern Region), Environment Canada, led the development of this recovery strategy, in cooperation with the Parks Canada Agency, Manitoba Conserva ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Rough Agalinis (Agalinis aspera) in Canada (2015-12-30)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Rough Agalinis and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with provincial jurisdictions in which this species occurs: Manitoba.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Round Hickorynut (Obovaria subrotunda) and Kidneyshell (Ptychobranchus fasciolaris) in Canada (2013-10-25)
    The Ontario Freshwater Mussel Recovery Team (OFMRT) was formed in the spring of 2003 to address concerns about the status of Ontario's freshwater mussel populations and to begin to address the recovery planning obligations under Canada's new Species at Risk Act (SARA). The National Recovery Strategy for the Round Hickorynut and the Kidneyshell was developed by the <acrony
  • Recovery Strategy for the Rusty Cord-moss (Entosthodon rubiginosus) in Canada (2012-09-21)
    The Rusty Cord-moss was listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) as Endangered in August 2006. In the spirit of cooperation of the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk, the Government of British Columbia has given permission to the Government of Canada to adopt the “Recovery strategy for the Rusty Cord-moss (Entosthodon rubiginosus) in British Columbia” under Section 44 of the Species at Risk Act. As the competent minister ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Sage Thrasher (Oreoscoptes montanus) in Canada (2014-12-10)
    The Sage Thrasher (Oreoscoptes montanus) is a medium-sized songbird that can be distinguished from other thrashers by its smaller size, short tail and short bill. Adult Sage Thrashers have brownish-grey upper parts with indistinct streaking on their crowns, off-white under parts streaked with dark brown spots, and brownish wings with narrow whitish wing-bars and black bills. The Sage Thrasher song is a long, harmonious, flute-like series of warbl ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Salish Sucker (Catostomus sp. cf. Catostomus ssp.) in Canada (2016-09-09)
    The Salish Sucker (Catostomus sp. cf. catostomus) is a small-bodied, fine-scaled fish documented in 11 British Columbia watersheds, all in the Fraser Valley. At least four other populations occur in northwestern Washington State.  Salish Sucker populations have been in decline since at least the 1960s in Canada, and probably for longer.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Sand-verbena Moth (Copablepharon fuscum) in Canada (2012-10-23)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Sand-verbena Moth and has prepared a recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. Section 44 of SARA allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). Environment Canada has adopted the British Columbia recovery strategy and prepared a federal addition to me ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Scarlet Ammannia (Ammannia robusta) in Canada (2015-05-21)
    Under the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk (1996), the federal, provincial, and territorial governments agreed to work together on legislation, programs, and policies to protect wildlife species at risk throughout Canada. In the spirit of cooperation of the Accord, the Government of British Columbia has given permission to the Government of Canada to adopt the “Recovery Strategy for the scarlet ammannia (Ammannia robusta) in British ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris) in Canada (2007-12-19)
    Sea otters ranged once from Northern Japan to central Baja California, but were hunted almost to extinction during the Maritime fur trade that began in the mid 1700s. As few as 2,000 animals, little more than 1% of the pre-fur trade population, are thought to have remained in 13 remnant populations by 1911. The last verified sea otter in Canada was shot near Kyuquot, British Columbia (BC), in 1929. Between 1969 and 1972, 89 sea otters from Amchit ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Seaside Bone Lichen (Hypogymnia heterophylla) in Canada (2017-02-03)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Seaside Bone Lichen and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Department of National Defence (DND), and the Province of British Columbia (B.C.).
  • Recovery Strategy for the Seaside Centipede Lichen (Heterodermia sitchensis) in Canada (2007-02-14)
    The Seaside Centipede Lichen (Heterodermia sitchensis Goward and Noble) was described in the mid 1980s from the west coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia (Goward 1984). It received official status in 1996 as endangered in Canada on the basis of its highly restricted global distribution, its endemic status in Canada, its specialized ecological requirements, and its extreme vulnerability to habitat degradation. The known population in Canada ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Short-rayed Alkali Aster (Symphyotrichum frondosum) in Canada (2013-07-09)
    Short-rayed Alkali Aster is an annual late summer flowering species reported in British Columbia from lakeshores and pond margins in the Okanagan Valley. It was listed as Endangered under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in 2007. Environment Canada (EC) is the lead federal department under SARA, but the province of British Columbia is the responsible jurisdiction fo
  • Recovery Strategy for the Short-tailed Albatross (Phoebastria albatrus) and Pink-footed Shearwater (Puffinus creatopus) in Canada (2008-05-02)
    The Short-tailed Albatross and the Pink-footed Shearwater are migratory birds listed under the Migratory Birds Convention Act (1994) and are under the management jurisdiction of the federal Ministry of the Environment. SARA (Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered, or threatened species. Both species were listed as threatened under SARA in 2005. Environment Canada, Canadian ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Shortnose Cisco (Coregonus reighardi) in Canada (2012-08-09)
    In 1987, the Shortnose Cisco (Coregonus reighardi) was assessed as “Threatened” by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). In 2005, on the basis of an update status report, the species was reassessed by COSEWIC as “Endangered” and subsequently listed as such under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA) in 2007. Originally endemic to three of the Laurentian Great Lakes, the species was last reported from Lake Ontario i ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Showy Goldenrod (Solidago speciosa var. rigidiuscula) in Canada (2012-04-23)
    Showy Goldenrod (Solidago speciosa var. rigidiuscula) is listed as Endangered on Schedule 1 of the federal Species at Risk Act. The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Showy Goldenrod and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Silver Hair Moss (Fabronia pusilla) in Canada (2008-05-02)
    The silver hair moss was listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) as Endangered in June 2003. SARA section 37 requires the competent minister to prepare a recovery strategy for all listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Briti
  • Recovery Strategy for the Skinner’s Agalinis (Agalinis skinneriana) in Canada (2012-04-23)
    Skinner’s Agalinis is listed as Endangered on Schedule 1 of the federal Species at Risk Act. The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Skinner’s Agalinis and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Slender Mouse-ear-cress (Halimolobos virgata) in Canada (2012-11-30)
    The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. Slender Mouse-ear-cress was listed as Threatened under SARA in June 2003. Environment Canada led the development of this recovery strategy. This recovery strategy was developed in cooperation or consultation with provincial jurisdictions in which the species occurs – Saskatchewan, ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Slender Popcornflower (Plagiobothrys tenellus) in Canada (2014-09-17)
    The Canadian population of Slender Popcornflower (Plagiobothrys tenellus) was assessed as Threatened in 2008 by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). The population was listed as Threatened under Canada`s Species at Risk Act (SARA) in February 2011. Slender Popcornflower is a small annual plant that grows in exposed soils on
  • Recovery Strategy for the Small White Lady’s-slipper (Cypripedium candidum) in Canada (2014-12-23)
    The Small White Lady’s-slipper belongs to the Orchid family and is characterized by a very small, white, slipper shaped flower. It was listed as Endangered in Canada under the Species at Risk Act. The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Small White Lady’s-slipper and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Government of Manitoba and the Govern
  • Recovery Strategy for the Small Whorled Pogonia (Isotria medeoloides) in Canada (2007-06-20)
    The Small whorled pogonia is under the management jurisdiction of the Ontario provincial government. The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. The Small whorled pogonia was listed as Endangered under SARA in June 2003. The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and the Canadian Wildlife Service – Ontario, Environment Canada wo ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Small-flowered Sand-verbena (Tripterocalyx micranthus) in Canada (2012-11-30)
    The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. Small-flowered Sand-verbena was listed as endangered under SARA in January 2005. Environment Canada led the development of this Recovery Strategy. This recovery strategy was developed in cooperation or consultation with provincial jurisdictions in which the species occurs – Saskatch ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Smooth Goosefoot (Chenopodium subglabrum) in Canada (2015-12-30)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the Smooth Goosefoot and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared to the extent possible in cooperation with: provincial jurisdictions in which the species occurs (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia), and federal land managers (Canadian Forces Base Suffield under the Department of National Defence and the Agri-Environment ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Southern Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum capillus-veneris) in Canada (2013-05-23)
    The federal Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Southern Maidenhair Fern and has prepared this recovery strategy as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). Environment Canada
  • Recovery Strategy for the Spalding's Campion (Silene spaldingii) in Canada (2017-03-17)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Spalding’s Campion and has prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Spoon-leaved Moss (Bryoandersonia illecebra) in Canada (2006-10-25)
    Spoon-leaved Moss (Bryoandersonia illecebra), a robust, Endangered moss of seasonally flooded, variably wooded habitats possesses no specialized dispersal mechanisms within its Canadian range. To date, only female plants have been documented in Canada. Very little scientific knowledge exists on the biology or ecology of Spoon-leaved Moss, or the reasons for its rarity.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Spotted Gar (Lepisosteus oculatus) in Canada (2012-10-30)
    The Spotted Gar is a relatively large (up to 760 mm in total length), heavily armoured, predatory species with a long, narrow body and elongated snout with many sharp teeth. The back and upper sides are olive green to velvety brown above the lateral line, dull silvery below, and adults have brown spots on the snout, head, body and fins. The Spotted Gar is distinguished from the more common Longnose Gar by its shorter, wider snout. Although global ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Spotted Wintergreen (Chimaphila maculata) in Canada (2015-12-30)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Spotted Wintergreen and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41( ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Sprague’s Pipit (Anthus spragueii) in Canada (2012-11-30)
    The Recovery Strategy for the Sprague’s Pipit (Anthus spragueii) in Canada (Environment Canada 2008) was posted on the Species at Risk Public Registry in May 2008. Under Section 45 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA), the Minister of the Environment may amend a recovery strategy at any time. This amendment to the Recovery Strategy for the Sprague’s Pipit (Anthus spragueii) in Canada is for the purpose of: Identifying Sprague's Pipit critical h ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Spring Blue-eyed Mary (Collinsia verna) in Canada (2010-06-23)
    The Spring Blue-eyed Mary (Collinsia verna) is under the management jurisdiction of the Province of Ontario and Environment Canada. The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered, or threatened species. The Spring Blue-eyed Mary was listed as Extirpated under SARA in June 2003. The Canadian Wildlife Service – Ontario Region, Environment Canada, led the de ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Spring Cisco (Coregonus sp.) (2014-02-13)
    The Spring Cisco is the only population of its kind to spawn in the spring; the other cisco populations reproduce in the fall. The relatively high water temperature in deep water in the summer and the slow cooling off in the fall is a possible explanation for the spawning period and the evolution of this population in Lac des Écorces. The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada deems that this population, which does not exist an ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Streambank Lupine (Lupinus rivularis) in Canada (2017-02-03)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Streambank Lupine and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the r ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Striped Bass (Morone saxatilis), St. Lawrence Estuary Population, in Canada (2011-10-07)
    Until the end of the 1960s, the St. Lawrence River was home to a native population of striped bass (Morone saxatili), an anadromous fish typical of eastern North American estuaries and coastal waters. The striped bass population of the St. Lawrence proved to be quite resilient and, since the 19th century, had been the object of intensive commercial and sports fisheries. The striped bass fishery was characterized by periods of great abundance an ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the swift fox (Vulpes velox) in Canada (2008-01-14)
    Swift foxes are cat-sized canids with pale yellowish-red and grey on the upperparts peppered with white and black-tipped hairs; they average 30 cm high at the shoulders and weigh 2.2-2.4 kg (James 1823, Bailey 1926, Soper 1964). Swift foxes have a characteristic black tipped tail and black patches on either side of the muzzle (Seton 1909, Rand 1948).
  • Recovery Strategy for the Tall Bugbane (Actaea elata) in Canada (2017-03-17)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Tall Bugbane and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requir ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Timber Rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) in Canada (2010-03-23)
    The timber rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) was designated Extirpated by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) in 2001 and was officially listed under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in June 2003. SARA (Section 37) requires the competent Minister to prepare a recovery strategy for all listed extirpated, endangered, or threatened species. The Canadian Wildlife Service – Ontario, Environment Canada, led the developmen ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Tiny Cryptanthe (Cryptantha minima) in Canada (2012-11-30)
    The Recovery Strategy for the Tiny Cryptanthe (Cryptantha minima) in Canada (Environment Canada 2006) was posted on the Species at Risk Registry in October 2006. Under Section 45 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA), the Minister of the Environment may amend a recovery strategy at any time. This amendment to the Recovery Strategy for the Tiny Cryptanthe (Cryptantha minima) in Canada is for the purpose of: Identifying tin
  • Recovery Strategy for the Toothcup (Rotala ramosior) in Canada (2015-05-21)
    Under the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk (1996), the federal, provincial, and territorial governments agreed to work together on legislation, programs, and policies to protect wildlife species at risk throughout Canada. In the spirit of cooperation of the Accord, the Government of British Columbia has given permission to the Government of Canada to adopt the “Recovery Strategy for the toothcup (Rotala ramosior) in British Columbia ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Townsend’s Mole (Scapanus townsendii) in Canada (2016-07-06)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Townsend’s Mole and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the British Columbia Ministry of Environment. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1 ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Transient Killer Whale (Orcinus orca) in Canada (2007-12-13)
    The ‘West Coast transient’ population of killer whales (Orcinus orca) is acoustically, genetically and culturally distinct from other killer whale populations known to occupy waters off the west coast of British Columbia. This population was designated as ‘threatened’ by COSEWIC in 2001, and currently numbers approximately 250 animals. Transient killer whales are long-lived upper trophic level predators that are considered to be at risk because ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Van Brunt’s Jacob’s-ladder (Polemonium vanbruntiae) in Canada (2012-09-18)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Van Brunt’s Jacob’s-ladder and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Government of Quebec and Ontario.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Verna's Flower Moth (Schinia verna) in Canada (2016-02-01)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the Verna’s Flower Moth and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba as per section 39(1) of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Victorin's Gentian (Gentianopsis virgata ssp. victorinii) in Canada (2012-10-23)
    The Victorin’s Gentian (Gentianopsis virgata ssp. victorinii) was listed as threatened in Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in July 2005. The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for Parks Canada are the ministers responsible for the recovery of Victorin’s Gentian and have developed this recovery strategy pursuant to section 37 of SARA. This recovery strategy was prepared in collaboration with the Government of Queb ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Virginia Mallow (Sida hermaphrodita) in Canada (2015-12-23)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Virginia Mallow and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (now the Ontario Ministry of Natur ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Vole Ears Lichen (Erioderma mollissimum) in Canada (2014-12-10)
    As of January 2012, Vole Ears Lichen was known from two populations at 29 sites along the Atlantic Coast of Nova Scotia comprised of 153 adult thalli and from one population at six sites on the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador that had 26 adult thalli. The last report of Vole Ears Lichen in New Brunswick was from 1980. The species is listed as Endangered on Schedule 1 of the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA).
  • Recovery Strategy for the Wallis' Dark Saltflat Tiger Beetle (Cicindela parowana wallisi) in Canada (2017-08-09)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Wallis’ Dark Saltflat Tiger Beetle and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia, as per section 39(1) of SARA. Section 44 of SARA allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the spec ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Wavyrayed Lampmussel (Lampsilis fasciola) in Canada (2007-02-23)
    The Wavyrayed Lampmussel (Lampsilis fasciola, Rafinesque 1820) is a small sexually dimorphic mussel recognized by its yellow or yellowish-green rounded shell. The shell is characterized by numerous thin wavy green rays that may be narrow and individual or coalesced into wider rays in some specimens. Regardless of size, the rays are always wavy with multiple interruptions giving rise to the common name of this mussel. The species is usually found ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Western Chorus Frog (Pseudacris triseriata), Great Lakes/ St. Lawrence – Canadian Shield Population, in Canada (2015-12-01)
    The Western Chorus Frog is a small amphibian that breeds in temporary wetlands located in open habitats or discontinuous forests. The species is considered globally secure. However, the Great Lakes / St. Lawrence – Canadian Shield (GLSLCS) population, found at the northern limit of the species’ range, was assessed as Threatened by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (<abbr title="Committee on the Status o
  • Recovery Strategy for the Western Harvest Mouse (Reithrodontomys megalotis dychei) in Canada (2015-12-30)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the Western Harvest Mouse and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Department of National Defence, the Government of Alberta, and the Government of Saskatchewan.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Western Prairie Fringed-orchid (Platanthera praeclara) in Canada (2006-10-25)
    The western prairie fringed-orchid was listed as Endangered under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in June 2003. SARA (Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered, or threatened species. Manitoba Conservation led the development of this recovery strategy in cooperation and consultation with the Canadian Wildlife Service &ndash; Prairie and Northern Region, Environment
  • Recovery Strategy for the Western Silvery Minnow (Hybognathus argyritis) in Canada (2017-06-01)
    In June 2003 when the Species at Risk Act (SARA) came into force, the Western Silvery Minnow (Hybognathus argyritis) was officially listed on Schedule 1 of the SARA as “Threatened”, requiring the completion of a recovery strategy within four years. Similarly, the Province of Alberta has listed the Western Silvery Minnow as “Threatened” under Alberta’s Wildlife Act and has completed a recovery plan for the species.
  • Recovery Strategy for the White Flower Moth (Schinia bimatris) in Canada (2011-08-11)
    The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. White Flower Moth was listed as endangered under SARA in August 2006. Environment Canada led the development of this Recovery Strategy. This recovery strategy was prepared in cooperation with the province of Manitoba and the Department
  • Recovery Strategy for the White Meconella (Meconella oregana) in Canada (2013-06-21)
    White Meconella (Meconella oregana) is a small, globally imperilled, annual plant found in isolated sites from southern Vancouver Island to central California. Within its range, it is restricted to vernal seeps with thin soils and short turf plant communities. There are only eight extant populations known from Canada, containing approximately 1,000 or fewer reproductive individuals in unfavourable years. The Committee on the Status of Endanger ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the White Prairie Gentian (Gentiana alba) in Canada (2012-04-23)
    White Prairie Gentian is listed as Endangered on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act. The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the White Prairie Gentian and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the White–headed Woodpecker (Picoides albolarvatus) in Canada (2014-03-13)
    White–headed Woodpecker (Picoides albolarvatus) is a small black woodpecker (21–23 cm long) with a white head and white wing patches. The only other bird with which it can be confused is the Clark’s Nutcracker (Nucifraga Columbiana), which is a larger bird (30–34 cm) with a light grey head and body with black wings and white wing patches. White–headed Woodpeckers are dependent on mature and old Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) for b
  • Recovery Strategy for the Whooping Crane (Grus americana) in Canada (2007-11-20)
    The Whooping Crane is a migratory bird protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and is under the management jurisdiction of the federal government. The Whooping Crane was listed as endangered under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) in June 2003. SARA (Section 37) requires the competent minister to prepare recovery strategies for listed extirpated, endangered, or threatened species. The strategy meets SARA requirements in terms of con ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Williamson’s Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus thyroideus) in Canada (2016-07-06)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Williamson’s Sapsucker and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Government of British Columbia, environmental non-governmental organizations, industry stakeholders and the St. Mary’s Band of the Ktunaxa Nation. The Recovery Strategy for the Williamson’s Sapsucker was modified in June 2016 to replace <a
  • Recovery Strategy for the Wolverine (Gulo gulo L.), Eastern population, in Canada (2016-03-04)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister(s) under SARA for the Wolverine, Eastern population and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with First Nations, Aboriginal communities and the governments of Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Wood-poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum) in Canada (2007-06-20)
    Wood-poppy is under the management jurisdiction of the Ontario provincial government. The Species at Risk Act (SARA, Section 37) requires the competent Minister to prepare a recovery strategy for all listed extirpated, endangered or threatened species. SARA Section 44(1) allows the Minister to adopt an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content and process (Sections 39-41). Wood-poppy was listed as En ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Woodland Caribou, Boreal population (Rangifer tarandus caribou) in Canada (2012-10-05)
    The Woodland Caribou, Boreal population (also called boreal caribou) was listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) as Threatened in June 2003 when SARA came into force. The Minister of the Environment has prepared this recovery strategy as per section 37 of SARA. Environm
  • Recovery Strategy for the Woodland Caribou, Southern Mountain population (Rangifer tarandus caribou) in Canada (2014-06-03)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers under SARA for southern mountain caribou. The Minister of the Environment led the preparation of this recovery strategy as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Provinces of British Columbia and Alberta as per section 39(1) of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Yellow-breasted Chat auricollis subspecies (Icteria virens auricollis) (Southern Mountain population) in Canada (2016-07-06)
    The Yellow-breasted Chat was listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) as Endangered in 2003. The Minister of the Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister for the recovery of Yellow-breasted Chat and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Government of British Columbia.
  • Recovery Strategy for Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) (Great Lakes Population) in Canada (2009-04-30)
    The Great Lakes population of the Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum), until 2008, was considered to belong to one of six subspecies of Tiger Salamanders, the Eastern Tiger Salamander (A. t. tigrinum). This recovery strategy will follow this taxonomic arrangement. One of the largest terrestrial salamanders in the world, adults average 18 to 21 cm in total length. They have yellow spots, blotches, or vertical streaks marking a dark brown, green ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Vancouver Lamprey (Lampetra macrostoma) in Canada (2007-09-27)
    Vancouver lamprey (Lampetra macrostoma) is a species derived from the Pacific lamprey (L. tridentata) and is reported only in Cowichan and Mesachie lakes on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. L. macrostoma was deemed a separate species based on its unique morphological and physiological traits, primarily its large oral disk and physiological adaptation to freshwater. Some phylogenetic uncertainty remains and requires additional investigation. ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Western Spiderwort (Tradescantia occidentalis) in Canada (2013-10-22)
    Western Spiderwort is a perennial plant with three-petaled purple flowers and grass-like foliage. It is listed as Threatened under Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act. The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Western Spiderwort and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with: (1) provincial jurisdictions in which the species occurs – Saskatchewan, Al
  • Recovery strategy for White Sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) in Canada (2014-03-19)
    Within Canada, white sturgeon occur only in British Columbia and are divided into six populations, based on geography, demographics and genetics: the lower, middle and upper Fraser River; Nechako River; Upper Columbia River; and, Kootenay River. All populations were assessed as Endangered by COSEWIC in 2003; the latter four are legally listed under SARA. This document is a <a

Finalization Delayed

  • Amended Recovery Strategy for the Soapweed (Yucca glauca) and Yucca Moth (Tegeticula yuccasella) and Recovery Strategy for the Non-pollinating Yucca Moth (Tegeticula corruptrix) and the Five-spotted Bogus Yucca Moth (Prodoxus quinquepunctellus) in Canada (2017-03-30)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Soapweed, Yucca Moth, Non-pollinating Yucca Moth and the Five-spotted Bogus Yucca Moth and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Alberta and Agri and Agri-Food Canada, as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 al ...
  • Recovery Strategy and Action Plan for the Eastern Pondmussel (Ligumia nasuta) in Canada (2016-08-25)
    The Eastern Pondmussel is a medium-sized freshwater mussel with an average length of 70 mm. Its shell is slender and long, and bluntly pointed at the posterior end. The outside of the shell varies in colour from yellowish- or greenish-black in juveniles to dark brown or black in adults, with narrow green rays, concentrated at the posterior end of the shell. This species is considered imperilled (N2) in Canada where it has been assessed as Endange ...
  • Recovery Strategy and Action Plan for the Mapleleaf (Quadrula quadrula) in Canada (Great Lakes – Western St. Lawrence Population) (2016-08-25)
    The Mapleleaf is a medium-sized (up to 12 cm) member of the freshwater bivalve family Unionidae. The shell is approximately square in outline, relatively thick and displays colour variations ranging from yellowish green to light brown in juveniles, and greenish brown to dark brown in older individuals. Typically, two rows of raised nodules extending in a v-shape from the point of shell union (umbo or beak) to shell edge (ventral margin) distingui ...
  • Recovery Strategy and Action Plan for the Rainbow (Villosa iris) in Canada (2016-08-25)
    The Rainbow is a small freshwater mussel with an average length of 55 mm. It has a narrow elliptical shape and interrupted green rays. The beaks are low and compressed and sculpture consists of 4–6 distinct bars. The outside of the shell is yellowish, yellowish-green or brown (in old specimens), with numerous wide, broken dark green rays that cover the whole surface of the shell or are absent anteriorly. This species is considered N2N3 (nationall ...
  • Recovery Strategy for Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus), Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis), and Tri-colored Bat (Perimyotis subflavus) in Canada (2015-12-30)
    Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus), Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis), and Tri-colored Bat (Perimyotis subflavus) are small, insectivorous species of the Family Vespertilionidae. The three species were emergency listed as Endangered on Schedule 1 of the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA) in 2014 because of sudden and dramatic declines across the eastern portions of the ranges of Littl
  • Recovery Strategy for Northern Riffleshell (Epioblasma torulosa rangiana), Snuffbox (Epioblasma triquetra), Round Pigtoe (Pleurobema sintoxia), Mudpuppy Mussel (Simpsonaias ambigua) and Rayed Bean (Villosa fabalis) in Canada. (2016-08-25)
    Freshwater mussels are among the world’s most imperiled taxa with declines reported on a global scale (Bogan 1993; Lydeard et al. 2004). The rich unionid fauna of North America has been hit particularly hard with over 70% of the approximately 300 species showing evidence of declines with many now considered rare, endangered, threatened or imperiled (Allan and Flecker 1993; Williams et al. 1993). Canada is home to 55 unionid species, 41 of which c ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander (Desmognathus ochrophaeus) – Carolinian population in Canada (2016-03-24)
    The Minister of the Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister for the recovery of the Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander – Carolinian population and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontario M ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the American Chestnut (Castanea dentata) in Canada (2016-02-23)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the American Chestnut and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of the Species at Risk Act (SARA). In the spirit of cooperation of the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk, the Government of Ontario has given permission to the Government of Canada to adopt the Recovery Strategy for the American Chestnut (Castanea dentata) in Ontario under section 44 of S ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the American Columbo (Frasera caroliniensis) in Canada (2016-02-17)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the American Columbo and has prepared Part 1 of this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. As per SARA section 44, part 2 of this strategy was adopted from the document developed by the Province of Ontario (Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry). To the extent possible, this strategy has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario (Ministry of Natural Resou ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) in Canada (2015-04-17)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers under SARA for the recovery of American Ginseng and have prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Governments of Ontario (Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry) and Quebec (Ministère du Développement durable, de l’Environnement et de la Lutte contre ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Atlantic Whitefish (Coregonus huntsmani) in Canada (2016-06-09)
    The amended Recovery Strategy restates the overall goal and broad strategies that continue to be relevant and realistic to protect and recover Atlantic Whitefish. The document has been updated to take into account changing conditions, including providing new information on threats and population and distribution objectives. The amended Recovery Strategy also identifies critical habitat for Atlantic Whitefish.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Barn Owl (Tyto alba) Eastern Population in Canada (2016-03-17)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Barn Owl and has prepared this federal component of the recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the federal Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Province of Ontario led the development of the attached recovery strategy for th ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Bicknell's Thrush (Catharus bicknelli) in Canada (2016-12-20)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change and Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency is the competent minister under SARA for the Bicknell’s Thrush and has prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Quebec Department of Forests, Wildlife and Parks, the New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources, and the Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resourc ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Bird’s-foot Violet (Viola pedata) in Canada (2016-01-29)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the Bird’s-foot Violet and has prepared this recovery strategy as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible it has been prepared in cooperation with the Government of Ontario.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Blanding’s Turtle (Emydoidea blandingii), Great Lakes / St. Lawrence population, in Canada (2016-03-29)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers under SARA for the Blanding’s Turtle, Great Lakes / St. Lawrence population, and have prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in co-operation with the Province of Ontario (Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources) and the Province of Quebec (Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et d ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Blue Racer (Coluber constrictor foxii) in Canada (2017-03-30)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Blue Racer and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (now the Ontario Ministry of ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Blue-grey Taildropper (Prophysaon coeruleum) in Canada [Proposed] (2016-07-06)
    The Minister of the Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister for the Blue-grey Taildropper and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) o ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Branched Bartonia (Bartonia paniculata ssp. paniculata) in Canada (2016-12-01)
    The Minister of the Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for Branched Bartonia and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario (Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry).
  • Recovery Strategy for the Butler’s Gartersnake (Thamnophis butleri) in Canada (2016-01-15)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the recovery of Butler’s Gartersnake and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Coastal Giant Salamander (Dicamptodon tenebrosus) in Canada (2017-03-30)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Coastal Giant Salamander and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meet ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Dun Skipper vestris subspecies (Euphyes vestris vestris) in Canada (2017-02-17)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Dun Skipper vestris subspecies and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia (B.C.), as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for a specie ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Foxsnake (Pantherophis gloydi), Carolinian and Great Lakes/St. Lawrence populations, in Canada (2017-03-10)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change and Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency is the competent minister under SARA for the Eastern Foxsnake (Carolinian population) and the Eastern Foxsnake (Great Lakes/St. Lawrence population) (henceforth referred to as the Eastern Foxsnake (Carolinian and Great Lakes/St. Lawrence populations) and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SAR ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Musk Turtle (Sternotherus odoratus) in Canada (2016-03-29)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agencies are the competent ministers under SARA for the Eastern Musk Turtle and have prepared this recovery strategy as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, this strategy has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario (Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry) and the Province of Quebec (Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune, et des Parcs).
  • Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Sand Darter (Ammocrypta pellucida) in Canada (2007-09-20)
    The eastern sand darter [Ammocrypta pellucida (Agassiz, 1863)] is a small benthic and translucent fish whose North American range is discontinuous and composed of two disjunct areas. One element occurs in the Great Lakes and Ohio River drainage, while the other occurs in Lake Champlain and the St. Lawrence River. In Ontario, it has been collected from shallow habitats in Lake Erie and Lake St. Clair, and from the Grand, Sydenham and Thames river ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Eastern Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus) in Canada (2015-03-30)
    The Minister of the Environment and Minister responsible for the Parks Canada agency is the competent minister under SARA for the Eastern Whip-poor-will and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the provinces of Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario (Ministry of Natural Resources), Quebec (Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs), New Brunswick and Nova Scotia as p ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Edwards' Beach Moth (Anarta edwardsii) in Canada (2016-12-01)
    The Minister of the Environment and Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency is the competent minister under SARA for the Edwards’ Beach Moth and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the province of British Columbia (B.C.) as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the False Rue-anemone (Enemion biternatum) in Canada (2016-12-20)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the False Rue-anemone and has prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Five-lined Skink (Plestiodon fasciatus) – Carolinian Population in Canada (2014-05-05)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of the Five-lined Skink &ndash; Carolinian Population and have prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared with the cooperation of the Province of Ontario. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the spe ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Fowler’s Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri) in Canada (2013-01-09)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Fowler’s Toad and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. In the spirit of cooperation of the Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk, the Government of Ontario has given permission to the Government of Canada to adopt the Recovery Strategy for the Fowler’s Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri) in Ontario under Section 44 of the Species at Risk Act. E
  • Recovery Strategy for the Gattinger's Agalinis (Agalinis gattingeri) in Canada (2017-03-30)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Gattinger's Agalinis and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry and the Manitoba Conservation Data Centre, as per section 39 (1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to ad ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Gray Ratsnake (Pantherophis spiloides), Carolinian and Great Lakes/St. Lawrence populations, in Canada (2017-03-10)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change and Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency is the competent minister under SARA for the Gray Ratsnake (Carolinian population) and the Gray Ratsnake (Great Lakes/St. Lawrence population) (henceforth referred to as the Gray Ratsnake (Carolinian and Great Lakes/St. Lawrence populations) and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA s ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Great Basin Spadefoot (Spea intermontana) in Canada (2017-03-17)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Great Basin Spadefoot and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia, as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Greater Sage-Grouse phaios subspecies (Centrocercus urophasianus phaios) in Canada (2017-03-03)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Greater Sage-Grouse phaios and has prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia, as per section 39(1) of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Grey Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) in Canada (2017-03-30)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Grey Fox and has prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario and the Province of Quebec, as per section 39(1) of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Harbour Seal, Lacs des Loups Marins subspecies (Phoca vitulina mellonae) (2017-05-03)
    The Harbour Seal of the Lacs des Loups Marins (Phoca vitulina mellonae) is a subspecies of the Harbour Seal living exclusively in freshwater. This population is unique worldwide because its distribution range is entirely within Quebec and even there is quite limited, extending only throughout a chain of lakes and rivers in Nunavik, some 250 km east of Hudson Bay. Researchers estimate that the Lacs des Loups Marins</sp
  • Recovery Strategy for the Illinois Tick-trefoil (Desmodium illinoense) in Canada (2017-03-03)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Illinois Tick-trefoil and has prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario, as per section 39(1) of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Juniper Sedge (Carex juniperorum) in Canada (2016-12-01)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Juniper Sedge and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements und ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Karner Blue (Lycaeides melissa samuelis), Frosted Elfin (Callophrys irus) and Eastern Persius Duskywing (Erynnis persius persius) in Canada (2017-03-30)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Karner Blue, the Frosted Elfin and the Eastern Persius Duskywing and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, as per section 39(1) of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Large Whorled Pogonia (Isotria verticillata) in Canada (2016-01-29)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the Large Whorled Pogonia and has prepared this recovery strategy as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible it has been prepared in cooperation with the Government of Ontario.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Mexican Mosquito-fern (Azolla mexicana) in Canada (2017-02-08)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Mexican Mosquito-fern and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets t ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Misty Lake Sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) in Canada (2016-09-09)
    Descended from the marine Threespine Stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus), parapatric (meaning species living adjacent to each other) lake-stream stickleback species are of considerable scientific interest and value due to their recent and unique evolutionary history. Although they live in contiguous geographic ranges, they interbreed relatively little in the overlapping habitat, and are genetically, ecologically and morphologically distinct. Par ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Mormon Metalmark (Apodemia mormo), Southern Mountain Population, in Canada (2017-02-08)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Mormon Metalmark Southern Mountain population and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia, as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Mountain Holly Fern (Polystichum scopulinum) in Canada (2016-03-24)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister for the recovery of the Mountain Holly Fern and has prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, the recovery strategy has been prepared in cooperation with the provinces of British Columbia, Quebec, and Newfoundland and Labrador. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if the plan me ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Northern Barrens Tiger Beetle (Cicindela patruela) in Canada [Proposed] (2016-03-17)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the Northern Barrens Tiger Beetle and has prepared this recovery strategy per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the governments of Quebec (Department of Forests, Wildlife and Parks) and Ontario (Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry).
  • Recovery Strategy for the Northern Leopard Frog (Lithobates pipiens), Rocky Mountain population in Canada [Proposed] (2016-07-06)
    The Minister of the Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Northern Leopard Frog, Rocky Mountain population and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia and the Northern Leopard Frog Recovery Team as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or par ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Pacific Gophersnake (Pituophuis catenifer catenifer) in Canada [Proposed] (2016-07-06)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Pacific Gophersnake and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia as per section 39(1) of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Pallid Bat (Antrozous pallidus) in Canada (2017-03-10)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Pallid Bat and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia and the Pallid Bat Recovery Team, as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for th ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Prairie Skink (Plestiodon septentrionalis) in Canada (2016-03-24)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Prairie Skink and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the province of Manitoba and the Department of National Defence.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Purple Twayblade (Liparis liliifolia) in Canada (2016-03-24)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the Purple Twayblade and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario and the Province of Quebec.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Pygmy Short-horned Lizard (Phrynosoma douglasii) in Canada (2017-03-03)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Pygmy Short-horned Lizard and has prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia, as per section 39(1) of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Rapids Clubtail (Gomphus quadricolor) in Canada (2016-01-29)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the Rapids Clubtail and has prepared Part 1 of this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. As per SARA section 44, part 2 of this strategy was adopted from the document developed by the Province of Ontario (Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry). To the extent possible, this strategy has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario (Ministry of Natural Resour ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Round-leaved Greenbrier (Smilax rotundifolia), Great Lakes Plains population, in Canada (2017-02-08)
    The Minister of the Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Round-leaved Greenbrier and has prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, as per section 39(1) of SARA.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Rusty patched Bumble Bee (Bombus affinis) in Canada (2016-03-30)
    The Minister of the Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the recovery of the Rusty-patched Bumble Bee and has prepared this strategy as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry and the Quebec Department of Forests, Wildlife and Parks.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Sharp-tailed Snake (Contia tenuis) in Canada (2017-03-03)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change and Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency (PCA) is the competent minister under SARA for the Sharp-tailed Snake and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia and affected stakeholders as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows t ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Showy Phlox (Phlox speciosa ssp. occidentalis) in Canada (2017-03-03)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Showy Phlox and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia, as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requir ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Slender Bush-clover (Lespedeza virginica) in Canada (2016-01-15)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Slender Bush-clover and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (now the Ontario Ministry of N ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Small-flowered Lipocarpha (Lipocarpha micrantha) in Canada [Proposed] (2017-03-17)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Small-flowered Lipocarpha and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia (BC) and the Province of Ontario (ON), as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Small-mouthed Salamander (Ambystoma texanum) in Canada (2017-03-30)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Small mouthed Salamander and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario, as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the re ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Speckled Dace (Rhinichthys osculus) in Canada (2016-08-18)
    The Speckled Dace (Rhinichthys osculus) is a small freshwater minnow. Within its Canadian range, Speckled Dace is a riverine fish that makes use of riffles, runs and pools, feeding off the bottom on algae and aquatic insects. While widely distributed in western North American rivers, the species is confined in Canada to a short section of the Columbia River drainage that includes the West Kettle, Kettle, and Granby Rivers. Recent field studies ha ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Spiny Softshell (Apalone spinifera) in Canada (2016-03-29)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers under SARA for the Spiny Softshell and have prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario (Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry) and the Province of Quebec (Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs).
  • Recovery Strategy for the Spotted Turtle (Clemmys guttata) in Canada (2016-03-29)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency is the competent minister under SARA for the Spotted Turtle and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of Ontario (Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry) and the Province of Quebec (Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs).
  • Recovery Strategy for the Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) Southern Mountain population in Canada (2017-03-10)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Tiger Salamander, Southern Mountain population, and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia, as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan fo ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Victoria's Owl-clover (Castilleja victoriae) in Canada (2017-02-17)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change is the competent minister under SARA for the Victoria’s Owl-clover and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Province of British Columbia, as per section 39(1) of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Virginia Goat's-rue (Tephrosia virginiana) in Canada (2015-12-30)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Virginia Goat’s-rue and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (now the Ontario Ministry of N ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Western Silvery Aster (Symphyotrichum sericeum) in Canada (2016-03-17)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister under SARA for the Western Silvery Aster and has prepared this strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Government of Ontario and the Government of Manitoba.
  • Recovery Strategy for the Wild Hyacinth (Camassia scilloides) in Canada (2015-12-30)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of the Wild Hyacinth and have prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontario Minist ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Willowleaf Aster (Symphyotrichum praealtum) in Canada (2015-12-30)
    The Minister of the Environment is the competent minister for the recovery of the Willowleaf Aster and has prepared the federal component of this recovery strategy (Part 1), as per section 37 of SARA. SARA section 44 allows the Minister to adopt all or part of an existing plan for the species if it meets the requirements under SARA for content (sub-sections 41(1) or (2)). The Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (now the Ontario Ministry of Natu ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Wood Bison (Bison bison athabascae) in Canada (2016-05-06)
    The Minister of Environment and Climate Change and Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency is the competent minister under SARA for the Wood Bison and has prepared this recovery strategy, as per section 37 of SARA. To the extent possible, it has been prepared in cooperation with the Government of Alberta, the Government of British Columbia, the Government of Manitoba, the Government of the Northwest Territories, the T??cho Government, th ...
  • Recovery Strategy for the Wood Turtle (Glyptemys insculpta) in Canada (2016-02-01)
    The Minister of the Environment and the Minister responsible for the Parks Canada Agency are the competent ministers for the recovery of the Wood Turtle and have prepared this strategy in accordance with section 37 of SARA. It has been prepared in cooperation with the Department of National Defence, the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs du Québec (MFFP), the Department of Natural Resources o ...