Recovery Strategies

Recovery Strategy for the Northern Goshawk laingi subspecies (Accipiter gentilis laingi) in Canada

The Northern Goshawk is a raven-sized predatory bird with short, rounded wings and a long tail. Immature birds differ from adults in their plumage colouration for the first 2 years, after which all individuals greater-than or equal to 3 years are indistinguishable. Two subspecies of Northern Goshawk reside in Canada: Accipiter gentilis laingi and A. gentilis atricapillus. They were formerly referred to as Queen Charlotte Goshawk and Northern Goshawk, respectively. Originally, separation of the two subspecies was based on size and plumage colour, with A. gentilis laingi being smaller and having darker colouration than A. gentilis atricapillus. More recently, preliminary results from genetic analyses suggest coastal populations may be genetically distinct from interior populations and this difference may be greatest for populations inhabiting Haida Gwaii (Queen Charlotte Islands), British Columbia (B.C.) — the location of the original A. gentilis laingi type specimen. The focus of this recovery strategy is on the Northern Goshawk laingi subspecies, although the recovery team has also included relevant literature from studies on A. gentilis atricapillus and European Goshawks (A. gentilis gentilis).

Consultation period: 2017-12-07 to 2018-02-05


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Parks Canada
Species Conservation and Management
Natural Resource Conservation
Parks Canada
30 Victoria Street 3rd floor
Gatineau, QC
J8X 0B3
Tel: 888-773-8888
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