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Recovery Strategy for the Woodland Caribou, Southern Mountain population (Rangifer tarandus caribou) in Canada - 2014 [Final]

2. Species Status Information

The Woodland Caribou, Southern Mountain population (Rangifer tarandus caribou), herein referred to as "southern mountain caribou”, is listed as threatened (2003) under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA) (Government of Canada 2013).

Southern mountain caribou are found predominantly in Canada, occurring in BC and Alberta, but also extending partially into northern Idaho and Washington in the United States (US). NatureServe ranks southern mountain caribou as imperilled to critically imperilled at the national level (Table 1), but has not ranked southern mountain caribou at the global level (NatureServe 2013). In Alberta, southern mountain caribou are ranked as critically imperilled and are designated as Threatened under Alberta’s Wildlife Act. In BC, the "northern” ecotype is ranked as vulnerable and the "mountain” ecotype is ranked as critically imperilled. The "northern” ecotype is on the BC Conservation Data Centre’s (CDC) Blue list (special concern) and the "mountain” ecotype is on the Red list (threatened/endangered). Caribou in Idaho and Washington are ranked critically imperilled, and were listed as Endangered in 1984 by the US Fish and Wildlife Service under the US Endangered Species Act.

Table 1. Status ranks for southern mountain caribou
NatureServe Ranks -
National (N)
NatureServe Ranks -
Sub-national (S)
Canada StatusProvincial status
  • SARA – Schedule 1 (Threatened)
  • BC (Red – mountain)
  • BC (Blue – northern)
  • AB (Threatened)

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