Scientific Name: Sardinops sagax
Taxonomy Group: Fishes
Range: Pacific Ocean
Last COSEWIC Assessment: May 2002
Last COSEWIC Designation: Not at Risk
SARA Status: Schedule 3, Special Concern
- (SARA Schedule 1 provisions do not apply)
PLEASE NOTE: Not all COSEWIC reports are currently available on the SARA Public Registry. Most of the reports not yet available are status reports for species assessed by COSEWIC prior to May 2002. Other COSEWIC reports not yet available may include those species assessed as Extinct, Data Deficient or Not at Risk. In the meantime, they are available on request from the COSEWIC Secretariat.
The Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax) resides seasonally in Canadian waters. It migrates northward from California in the spring to the rich feeding grounds off Vancouver Island and returns south in the fall. The evidence from tagging and other studies indicates that sardines venture progressively further north as they age during their annual migration from spawning to feeding areas. The recent consensus on stock structure supports the existence of a single panmictic population in the eastern north Pacific. Intermittent spawning probably occurs in the Pacific Northwest, including British Columbia, but self-sustaining populations are unlikely in this area. Sardines disappeared from Canadian waters in the late 1940s as the entire stock collapsed and only re-appeared in 1992 as the range of the resurgent California population has again expanded.
A response statement is a communications document that identifies how the Minister of the Environment intends to respond to the assessment of a wildlife species by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). The document provides a start to the listing and recovery process for those species identified as being at risk, and provides timelines for action to the extent possible.