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COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the mormon metalmark in Canada

Arnold, R.A. and J.A. Powell 1983. Apodemia mormo langei. Ch. 6 in Ecological studies of six endangered butterflies (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae): Island biogeography, patch dynamics and design of habitat preserves. Univ. Cal. Publ. Entomol. 99:1-161.

Austen, G.T.  1998.  A checklist of Nevada butterflies.  Pp. 837-844 in Systematics of western North American butterflies, T.C. Emmel Ed. Mariposa Press, Gainsville FL. 878 pp.

Ballmer, G.R. and G.F. Pratt. 1988.  A survey of the last larval instar of the Lycaenidae of California.  J. Res. Lep. 27:1-81.

Cannings R.J., Durance E. and L.K. Scott. 1998.  South Okanagan ecosystem recovery plan: Scientific assessment.  Unpublished Report, British Columbia Ministry of Environment. Penticton. 108 pp.

DeVries, P.J.  1997.  The Butterflies of Costa Rica.  Volume  II: Riodinidae.  Princeton University Press, Princeton.  288 pp.

Dyer, O. 2002.  Electronic terrestrial ecosystems mapping. BC Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection.

Emmel, J.F. and T.C. Emmel.  1998.  Two new geographically restricted subspecies of Apodemia mormo (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae) from the vicinity of San Bernardino, California.  Pp. 795-800 in Systematics of western North American butterflies, T.C. Emmel Ed. Mariposa Press, Gainesville FL. 878 pp.

Emmel, J.F., Emmel T.C. and G.F. Pratt.  1998.  Five new subspecies of Apodemia mormo (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae) from southern California.  Pp. 801-810 in Systematics of western North American butterflies, T.C. Emmel Ed. Mariposa Press, Gainesville FL. 878 pp.

Emmel, J.F., Emmel T.C. and S.O. Matoon.  1998.  A checklist of the butterflies and skippers of California.  Pp. 825-836 in Systematics of western North American butterflies, T.C. Emmel Ed. Mariposa Press, Gainseville FL. 878 pp.

Harms, V.L. 2002. Eriogonum Species in Saskatchewan.  Unpublished report, Saskatchewan Conservation Data Centre, Regina.

Hooper, R.R. 2002.  Status Report of Apodemia Mormo (C. R. Felder) in Saskatchewan 2002.  Unpublished Report,  8 pp.  Box 757, Fort Qu’Appelle, SK, S0G 1S0.

Guppy, C.S. and J.H. Shepard.  2001.  Butterflies of British Columbia.  UBC Press, Vancouver. 414 pp.

Guppy, C.S., J.H. Shepard and N.G. Kondla.  1994.  Butterflies and skippers of conservation concern in British Columbia.  Canadian Field-Naturalist 108:31-40.

Layberry, R.A., P.W. Hall, and J.D. Lafontaine.  1998.  The Butterflies of Canada.  University of Toronto Press, Toronto. 280 pp.

Opler, P. W.  1999.  A field guide to western butterflies. 2nd ed.  Houghton Miflin Company, Boston. 540 pp.

Opler, P. and J. A. Powell. 1961. Taxonomic and distributional studies on the western components of the Apodemia mormo complex (Riodinidae).  J. Lep. Soc. 15:145‑171.

Pratt, G. F.  and G. R. Ballmer. 1991. Three biotypes of Apodemia mormo (Riodinidae) in the Mojave desert.  J. Lep. Soc. 45:46-57.

Pyle, R. M.   2002.  The butterflies of Cascadia: A field guide to all the species of Washington, Oregon, and surrounding territories.  Seattle Audubon Society,  Seattle. 420 pp.

St. John, R.D. 1996.  Survey of rare Okanagan butterflies. Unpublished report, BC Conservation Data Centre, Ministry of Environment Lands and Parks, Victoria. 7 pp.

St. John, R. D. 2001.  Assessment of the impact of the proposed Gas Pipeline on the Mormon Metalmark butterfly. Unpublished Report, prepared for Westland Resource Group. 12 pp.

Scott, J.A.  1975. Flight patterns among eleven species of diurnal Lepidoptera.  Ecology 56:1367-1377.

Scott, J.A.  1986.  The butterflies of North America: A natural history and field guide.  Stanford University Press, Stanford. 581 pp.

Scott, J. A. and M. S. Fisher 1998.  New Western North American butterflies. Papilio (New Series) 11:1-12.

Sharp, M, L., D.R. Parks, and P.R. Ehrlich.  1974.  Plant resources and butterfly habitat.  Ecology 55:870-875.

Stanford, R. E. 1973.  Apodemia mormo near dialeuca (Riodinidae) from montane Southern California: new for U.S.A. J. Lep. Soc. 27: 304-305.

Stanford, R.E., and P.A. Opler.  1993.  Atlas of Western USA Butterflies.  Stanford and Opler, Denver and Fort Collins