Skip booklet index and go to page content

COSEWIC assessment and status report on the coastal Scouler's catchfly (Silene scouleri ssp. grandis) in Canada

Literature Cited

British Columbia (B.C.) Conservation Data Centre. 2002. 2002 Provincial vascular plant tracking list. B.C. Conservation Data Centre, Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management. Victoria, B.C.

Brantjes and Leemans. 1976. Silene otites (Caryophyllaceae) pollinated by nocturnal Lepidoptera and mosquitoes. Acta Bot. Neerl. 25: 281-295.

Brown, E. & S. Kephart. 1999. Variability in pollen load: implications for reproduction and seedling vigour in a rare plant, Silene douglasii var. oraria. International Journal of Plant Sciences 160 (6): 1145-1152.

Deno, N.C. 1994. Seed germination – theory and practice. 2nd edition. 240 pp. Self-published.

Douglas, G.W. and A. MacKinnon. 1998. Caryophyllaceae. Pages 230-305 In G.W. Douglas, G.B. Straley, D. Meidinger and J. Pojar, eds. Illustrated Flora of British Columbia. Volume 2: Dicotyledons (Balsaminaceae through Cuscutaceae). B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands & Parks, B.C. Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C.

Douglas, G. W., G.B. Straley & Del Meidinger. 1998. Rare Native Vascular Plants of British Columbia. B.C. Ministry of the Environment Lands and Parks.

Hitchcock, C. L. and A. Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press. Seattle, Washington.

Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey and J.W. Thompson. 1964. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Part 2: Salicaceae to Saxifragaceae. University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Hitchcock, C.L. & B. Maguire. 1947. A revision of North American species of Silene. Univ. Washington Publ. Biol. 13: 1-73.

Jürgens, A., Taina Witt & G. Gottsberger. 1996. Reproduction and pollination in central European populations of Silene and Saponaria species. Botanica Acta 109 (4): 316-324.

Kay, Q., A. Lack, F. Bamber & C. Davies. 1984. Differences between sexes in floral morphology, nectar production and insect visits in a dioecious species, Silene dioica. New Phytologist. 98: 515-529.

Kephart, S. and S. Nebenzahl. 1983. Population status, phenology, and reproductive biology of an Oregon coastal endemic, Silene douglasii var. oraria. Willamette Journal of the Liberal Arts 1:27-42.

*Kephart, S. & C. Paladino. 1997. Demographics and microhabitat variability in a grassland endemic, S. douglasii var. oraria. (Caryophyllaceae). American Journal of Botany 84: 179-189.

Kruckeberg, A.R. 1961. Artificial crosses of western North American Silenes. Brittonia 13: 305-333.

Lea, Ted. 2002. Historical Garry Oak Ecosystems of Greater Victoria and Saanich Peninsula. 1:20,000 Map. Terrestrial Information Branch, B.C. Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management. Victoria, B.C.

Lesica, P. 1988. Germination requirements and seedling biology of Spalding’s catchfly (Silene spaldingii). Prepared for: The Nature Conservancy, Montana/Wyoming Office, Helena Montana. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena. 2 pp.

Lesica, P. 1992. The effects of fire on Silene spaldingii. 1992 progress report. Montana Natural Heritage Program. Helena. 14 pp.

Lesica, P. 1993. Loss of fitness resulting from pollinator exclusion in Silene spaldingii (Caryophyllaceae). Madrono 40: 193-201.

Lesica, P. and B. Steele. 1994. Prolonged dormancy in vascular plants and implications for monitoring studies. Natural Areas Journal 14: 209-212.

Marsden-Jones, E.M. & W.B. Turrill.  1957. The Bladder Campions (Silene maritima and S. vulgaris). The Ray Society, London, England.

Menges, E.S. 1995. Factors limiting fecundity and germination in small populations of Silene regia (Caryophyllaceae), a rare hummingbird-pollinated prairie forb. American Midland Naturalist 133: 242-255.

Peck, M.E. 1941. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon. Binfords and Mort. Portland, Oregon. 866 pp.

Pettersson, M. 1991. Pollination by a guild of fluctuating moth populations: option for unspecialization in Silene vulgaris. Journal of Ecology 79: 591-604.

Schassberger, L.A. 1988. Report on the conservation status of Silene spaldingii, a candidate threatened species. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena. 71 pp.

Wilken, D. 1993. Silene. Pages 488-493 In J.C. Hickman ed., The Jepson Manual. Higher Plants of California. University of California Press. Berkeley.